Necrobacillosis


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Necrobacillosis

 

an infectious disease in animals, characterized by the onset of necrosis in various tissues.

The causative agent of necrobacillosis, Bacteroides necrophorum, was first isolated by R. Koch in 1881. All farm animals and many animals in the wild are susceptible to necrobacillosis. Sick animals are the source of the causative agent. The microbes penetrate the animals’ bodies through the gastrointestinal tract or through wounds. The disease can be either subacute or chronic. Immunity does not develop.

Necrobacillosis is diagnosed on the basis of the clinical picture, taking into account epizootiological data and the secretions of cultures taken from affected tissues. Treatment involves the topical use of various disinfectant preparations and the use of tetracycline antibiotics. The careful maintenance of sanitary conditions in the places where the animals are kept is the chief preventive measure. When necrobacillosis arises, affected animals are immediately isolated and treated, and their milk is destroyed. Carcasses and organs in which sepsis has occurred are also destroyed or made use of after processing.

REFERENCE

Kovalenko, Ia. R. Nekrobatsillez sel’skokhoziaistvennykh zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
There's another condition called 'Schmorl's disease' or necrobacillosis, that often causes abscesses on the face, head and neck.
This syndrome is also known as postanginal septicemia or necrobacillosis (Alherabi, 2009), and the number of published cases has increased recently, with six appearing between 1980 and 1990, 50 more from 1991 to 2000, and then climbing to 121 from 2001 to 2008.
Three gazelles suffered from interdigital necrobacillosis, an inflammation of the skin and tissues.
Experimental Hepatic Necrobacillosis Infection in Cattle.
There is another condition called Schmorl's disease or necrobacillosis, that is associated with lesions confined usually to the face, head and neck.
Further, the bacterial and parasitic diseases in American moose (leptospirosis, brucellosis, necrobacillosis, Toxoplasma gondii, Entamoeba bovis, Paramphistomum spp.
Abstract: Fusobacterium necrophorum is a strict anaerobic organism responsible for a number of clinical syndromes known as necrobacillosis.
Most notably, Alston described 21 cases of classic Lemierre's syndrome in his review of 280 cases of necrobacillosis that had been published in the world literature between 1933 and 1955.