achievement motivation

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achievement motivation

a concept (with associated projective tests) introduced by the psychologist D.C. McClelland (1961) which purports to measure individual and cultural differences in the striving for achievement.

The concept rests on the hypothesis that the need for achievement (NAch) is stimulated by a caring parental relationship (particularly with the mother) which sets high standards of behaviour. Achievement motivation is presented as a significant determinant of individual entrepreneurial endeavour and also of different levels of economic development (e.g. between developed and undeveloped societies). This latter assumption is challenged by many sociologists who regard McClelland as failing to take into account major differences in the social and economic structures of societies apart from achievement motivation.

References in periodicals archive ?
As per my Table 1, it seems reasonable that those with a high need for achievement and who truly crave power might be tempted to become ruthless.
Validating a student's need for achievement can lead to a self-affirmation process as students reach higher levels of achievement (Terenzini et ah, 1993).
Thus it was assumed by researchers that entrepreneurs would take moderate risks in trying to satisfy their need for achievement, (11) and propensity to take risks would be higher than managers.
Grounded in the fact that both mastery and performance goals are based on need for achievement thus are significant positive predictors of persistent and effortful behavior patterns of learning.
Need for achievement and women's career over 14 years: Evidence for occupational structure effects.
In a study of entrepreneurs in New England and rural Florida, need for achievement was found as a personality trait that differentiated founders and non-founders of entrepreneurial firms (Babb & Babb, 1992).
Study the moderating effect of self-esteem, need for achievement and corporate brand identity on the relationship between supervisor behavior and attrition.
Studies carried out on need for achievement (n-Ach; McClelland (1961)) and internal locus of control by McClelland (1962) and that by Timmons (1978) exhibited variations within the locus of control framework for women, were not studied including the socio-background and psychosocial influences on psycho-entrepreneurial influences.
This article studies need for achievement, need for identification, and self-oriented motivation as examples of non-executives' motivational drivers that complement pro-organizational motivation to impact cooperation and engagement in board roles.
In line with researches of Maslow (1943, 1954), Murray (1938, 1943), McGregor (1960, 1966), and McClelland (1955, 1961, 1965), it examines the five categories of needs, namely need for achievement, need for power, need for affiliation, need for security, and need for status to explore the nature and level of needs and motivations of Latin entrepreneurs in Japan.
They include need for achievement (Koh, 1996; Langan-Fox & Roth, 2005; McClelland, 1985), locus of control (Bonnett, 1991; Entrialgo et al.

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