Nefertiti

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Nefertiti

Nefertiti (nĕfˌərtēˈtē) or Nefretete (nĕfˌrĕtēˈtē), fl. c.1372–1350 B.C., queen of ancient Egypt; wife of Ikhnaton (XVIII dynasty) and aunt of Tutankhamen. She seems to have been divorced by Ikhnaton late in his reign. The exquisite limestone bust of Nefertiti (Berlin Mus.) has given rise to the tradition that she was one of the most beautiful women of antiquity.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nefertiti

 

(in Old Egyptian, “the beauty is coming”), Egyptian queen of the late 15th and early 14th centuries B.C.; the wife of Amenhotep IV (Ikhnaton) and possibly his stepsister.

Nefertiti probably helped to implement her husband’s religious reforms; after the reforms, her name was changed to Nefer-Neferu-Aton (“wondrous are the beauties of Aton”). In 1912 the studio of the sculptor Thutmes was unearthed at Tell El-Amarna; the studio contained busts of Nefertiti, which are now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo and the state museums of Berlin.

REFERENCE

Mat’e, M. E. Vo vremena Nefertiti. [Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Nefertiti

, Nofretete
14th century bc, Egyptian queen; wife of Akhenaton
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005