reinforcement

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Related to Negative reinforcement: Negative punishment, Positive punishment

reinforcement

[‚rē·ən′fȯrs·mənt]
(civil engineering)
Strengthening concrete, plaster, or mortar by embedding steel rods or wire mesh in it.
(materials)
A strong inert material bonded to a plastic to enhance its strength, stiffness, and resistance to impact.

reinforcement

1. In reinforced concrete, metal bars, rods, wires, or other slender members which are embedded in concrete in such a manner that the metal and the concrete act together in resisting forces.
2. Material added to provide additional strength.
References in periodicals archive ?
We propose that AVPD is primarily maintained via negative reinforcement of a response chain of anxious and avoidant behaviors.
Automatic negative reinforcement occurs when a behavior terminates an aversive stimulus directly and the behavior is strengthened.
In the current investigation, we conducted a choice assessment to evaluate the relative influence of preferred toys and parent attention on choice making with two children with disabilities who displayed problem behavior that was maintained by both positive and negative reinforcement.
A distinction between positive and negative punishment, paralleling the distinction between positive and negative reinforcement, requires two new terms: positive punishers and negative punishers.
It appears as if the generalization observed occurred primarily within a class of activities associated with negative reinforcement.
For example, two of the participants engaged in the highest level of SIB during the escape condition, indicating that SIB served a negative reinforcement function.
To date, consistent impulsivity for most adults has been found only in studies using negative reinforcement by noise termination (Navarick, 1982; Solnick, Kannenberg, Eckerman, & Waller, 1980).
He and his students assessed negative reinforcement and stimulus control in learned helplessness as a model.
Next, the effects of extinction, negative reinforcement, and negative reinforcement combined with access to preferred activities were compared on destructive behavior and task engagement.
1948, 1968, 1974) long recommended against "aversive control," that is, punishment, threats, and negative reinforcement.
The first two functional conditions refer to school refusal behavior maintained by negative reinforcement, or the reduction of unpleasant physical arousal or emotional states triggered by school-based stimuli.
Data suggest that food refusal appeared to be maintained primarily by negative reinforcement conting encies in three participants, while both inadequate positive reinforcement and naturally occurring negative reinforcement appeared to control refusal for a fourth participant.

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