Negev


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Negev

(nĕg`ĕv) or

Negeb

(nĕg`ĕb) [Heb.,=dry], hilly desert region of S Israel, c.5,140 sq mi (13,310 sq km), bordered by the Judaean Hills, the Wadi Arabah, the Sinai peninsula, and the narrow Mediterranean coastal plain; it comprises more than one half of Israel's land area. The Negev receives c.2 to 4 in. (5–10 cm) of rain annually. In the Beersheba basin, NW Negev, there are fertile loess deposits, but the region's aridity prevented cultivation until irrigation was provided by the National Water Carrier Project, which taps the Sea of Galilee. The Negev region also has a good mineral potential; copper, phosphates, and natural gas are already commercially extracted. In ancient times there were several prosperous cities along the principal wadis (watercourses) of the area. In modern times the Negev was the scene of much fighting between Egyptian and Israeli forces after the partition of Palestine in 1948. Many kibbutzim (see collective farmcollective farm,
an agricultural production unit including a number of farm households or villages working together under state control. The description of the collective farm has varied with time and place.
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) are located in the Negev; dry farming has been attempted in some areas. The major cities in the region include BeershebaBeersheba
[Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for Bedouins, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry.
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, DimonaDimona
[Heb.,=wasting], town (1994 pop. 30,400), S Israel, in the Negev Desert. It is the seat of the Negev Nuclear Research Center. Mining and the production of textiles, chemicals, and processed minerals are also important.
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, Arad, and ElatElat
or Eilat
[Heb.,=trees], city (1994 pop. 35,700), S Israel, a port on the Gulf of Aqaba, an arm of the Red Sea. It is strategically located near the Sinai peninsula, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia and is Israel's gateway to Africa and East Asia.
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.

Negev

, Negeb
the S part of Israel, on the Gulf of Aqaba: a triangular-shaped semidesert region, with large areas under irrigation; scene of fighting between Israeli and Egyptian forces in 1948. Chief town: Beersheba. Area: 12 820 sq. km (4950 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
About American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
This is a war against the Arabs of the Negev at all levels.
The Prawer-Begin plan is officially called the Bill on the Arrangement of Bedouin Settlement in the Negev and, if approved, will move the Bedouin residents of several "unrecognised" villages into government-planned towns where poverty is rife and crime rates are high.
The Israeli official also slammed Arab members of the Knesset, who he accused of trying to manipulate the situation of the Negev Bedouin to make it seem similar to that of the Arabs in Galilee , the wider Palestinian conflict and the widespread unrest in the Arab world.
Activists have called for a protest outside the Arab League on Thursday to condemn the Israeli Prawer Plan that will result in mass displacement of thousands of Arab Bedouins in the Negev desert region south of Israel.
The plan call for the relocation of 30,000-40,000 Bedouin, the demolition of about 40 villages and the confiscation of more than 700,000 dunums (70,000 hectares) of land in the Negev.
Sorrento Therapeutics (OTCQB: SRNE), a publicly traded, clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company, has signed an option and license agreement with BG Negev Technologies & Applications, a company that serves as the link between industry and academic research.
The Helmsley Charitable Trust is proud to partner with Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in advancing the science, technology and human interactivity of robotics, which will be so critical to medicine, industry and agriculture in the future," said Sandor Frankel, a Helmsley trustee.
The IDF said the airstrike was in response to high trajectory fire into Israeli territory after Palestinians in Gaza fired three long-range Grad rockets at Beersheba, a city in Israel's Negev desert, on Sunday morning, threatening to end a brief period of calm.
They said they tracked it as it crossed the Gaza Strip and a fighter jet shot it down when it was over an unpopulated area in Israel's Negev Desert.
0700 GMT), after it traveled east some 35 miles across Israel's southern Negev desert, the drone was shot down above a forest in an unpopulated area near the border with the occupied West Bank, she said.
Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, ED Bergmann Campus, Beer Sheva, Israel