Negev


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Negev

(nĕg`ĕv) or

Negeb

(nĕg`ĕb) [Heb.,=dry], hilly desert region of S Israel, c.5,140 sq mi (13,310 sq km), bordered by the Judaean Hills, the Wadi Arabah, the Sinai peninsula, and the narrow Mediterranean coastal plain; it comprises more than one half of Israel's land area. The Negev receives c.2 to 4 in. (5–10 cm) of rain annually. In the Beersheba basin, NW Negev, there are fertile loess deposits, but the region's aridity prevented cultivation until irrigation was provided by the National Water Carrier Project, which taps the Sea of Galilee. The Negev region also has a good mineral potential; copper, phosphates, and natural gas are already commercially extracted. In ancient times there were several prosperous cities along the principal wadis (watercourses) of the area. In modern times the Negev was the scene of much fighting between Egyptian and Israeli forces after the partition of Palestine in 1948. Many kibbutzim (see collective farmcollective farm,
an agricultural production unit including a number of farm households or villages working together under state control. The description of the collective farm has varied with time and place.
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) are located in the Negev; dry farming has been attempted in some areas. The major cities in the region include BeershebaBeersheba
[Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for Bedouins, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry.
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, DimonaDimona
[Heb.,=wasting], town (1994 pop. 30,400), S Israel, in the Negev Desert. It is the seat of the Negev Nuclear Research Center. Mining and the production of textiles, chemicals, and processed minerals are also important.
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, Arad, and ElatElat
or Eilat
[Heb.,=trees], city (1994 pop. 35,700), S Israel, a port on the Gulf of Aqaba, an arm of the Red Sea. It is strategically located near the Sinai peninsula, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia and is Israel's gateway to Africa and East Asia.
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.
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Negev

, Negeb
the S part of Israel, on the Gulf of Aqaba: a triangular-shaped semidesert region, with large areas under irrigation; scene of fighting between Israeli and Egyptian forces in 1948. Chief town: Beersheba. Area: 12 820 sq. km (4950 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The plan presented by Galant includes the establishment of new settlements in the area, in a geographical structure that creates territorial contiguity that provides protection to the residents of the Negev, thereby creating a barrier and protection against a Bedouin takeover and an Islamist movement from the southern Hebron hills to the Negev.
About American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
"Since the bill went to the Knesset, all sorts of parties - right, left, Arabs and Jews - with interests banded together while exploiting the plight of the Bedouin in the Negev to achieve political capital," he told reporters.
The Israeli official also slammed Arab members of the Knesset, who he accused of trying to manipulate the situation of the Negev Bedouin to make it seem similar to that of the Arabs in Galilee , the wider Palestinian conflict and the widespread unrest in the Arab world.
Activists have called for a protest outside the Arab League on Thursday to condemn the Israeli Prawer Plan that will result in mass displacement of thousands of Arab Bedouins in the Negev desert region south of Israel.
The plan call for the relocation of 30,000-40,000 Bedouin, the demolition of about 40 villages and the confiscation of more than 700,000 dunums (70,000 hectares) of land in the Negev.
Sorrento Therapeutics (OTCQB: SRNE), a publicly traded, clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company, has signed an option and license agreement with BG Negev Technologies & Applications, a company that serves as the link between industry and academic research.
Public radio said the protesters carried Palestinian flags and banners of the Israeli Islamic movement, chanting "With our blood and our spirit we will redeem the Negev," referring to the desert where most Israeli Bedouin live.
Helmsley Charitable Trust Fund is providing more than $6.2 million to Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU)for multidisciplinary, application-oriented robotics research and systems development.
29 (Xinhua-ANI): A rocket fired from Gaza landed in Israel's western Negev desert early Monday morning, bringing to 16 the number of projectiles unleashed by Palestinian militants into southern Israel, Israeli media reported.
They said they tracked it as it crossed the Gaza Strip and a fighter jet shot it down when it was over an unpopulated area in Israel's Negev Desert.