Negev

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Negev

(nĕg`ĕv) or

Negeb

(nĕg`ĕb) [Heb.,=dry], hilly desert region of S Israel, c.5,140 sq mi (13,310 sq km), bordered by the Judaean Hills, the Wadi Arabah, the Sinai peninsula, and the narrow Mediterranean coastal plain; it comprises more than one half of Israel's land area. The Negev receives c.2 to 4 in. (5–10 cm) of rain annually. In the Beersheba basin, NW Negev, there are fertile loess deposits, but the region's aridity prevented cultivation until irrigation was provided by the National Water Carrier Project, which taps the Sea of Galilee. The Negev region also has a good mineral potential; copper, phosphates, and natural gas are already commercially extracted. In ancient times there were several prosperous cities along the principal wadis (watercourses) of the area. In modern times the Negev was the scene of much fighting between Egyptian and Israeli forces after the partition of Palestine in 1948. Many kibbutzim (see collective farmcollective farm,
an agricultural production unit including a number of farm households or villages working together under state control. The description of the collective farm has varied with time and place.
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) are located in the Negev; dry farming has been attempted in some areas. The major cities in the region include BeershebaBeersheba
[Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for Bedouins, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry.
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, DimonaDimona
[Heb.,=wasting], town (1994 pop. 30,400), S Israel, in the Negev Desert. It is the seat of the Negev Nuclear Research Center. Mining and the production of textiles, chemicals, and processed minerals are also important.
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, Arad, and ElatElat
or Eilat
[Heb.,=trees], city (1994 pop. 35,700), S Israel, a port on the Gulf of Aqaba, an arm of the Red Sea. It is strategically located near the Sinai peninsula, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia and is Israel's gateway to Africa and East Asia.
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.

Negev

, Negeb
the S part of Israel, on the Gulf of Aqaba: a triangular-shaped semidesert region, with large areas under irrigation; scene of fighting between Israeli and Egyptian forces in 1948. Chief town: Beersheba. Area: 12 820 sq. km (4950 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Arab Monitoring Committee in the Negev desert said in a statement that a force specialized in the demolition of homes had raided the unrecognized Bedouin village, which is being threatened with displacement, sealed off the area and bulldozed the mosque.
Activists have called for a protest outside the Arab League on Thursday to condemn the Israeli Prawer Plan that will result in mass displacement of thousands of Arab Bedouins in the Negev desert region south of Israel.
29 (Xinhua-ANI): A rocket fired from Gaza landed in Israel's western Negev desert early Monday morning, bringing to 16 the number of projectiles unleashed by Palestinian militants into southern Israel, Israeli media reported.
The purpose and capabilities of an Iranian-made spy drone sent into Israel's Negev Desert last week remain a mystery.
0700 GMT), after it traveled east some 35 miles across Israel's southern Negev desert, the drone was shot down above a forest in an unpopulated area near the border with the occupied West Bank, she said.
Although How Ari Became a Vegetarian features a young Jewish boy living in Israel's Negev Desert, it's a storybook for young adults of all backgrounds and religious faiths.
Summary: RAMALLAH, West Bank: Israeli bulldozers on Monday demolished five homes in the Negev Desert saying they were build by Bedouins without permits from Israeli authorities.
Around 80,000 Arab-Israelis on Sunday demonstrated in front of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's office in protest of the Praver Plan, which is set to confiscate Arab land in the Negev Desert for the establishment of settlements and Israeli army bases and training areas, the pan-Arab daily ASHARQ AL AWSAT reported on Monday.
A lawsuit for that amount was filed Tuesday in a court in Beersheva, the capital of southern Israel's Negev desert region, where the bedouin village of Al-Araqib which is not recognized by Israeli authorities regularly rises and falls.
In the 1960s, Israel began a policy of resettling the nomadic Bedouin of the Negev Desert into towns, making it easier for the government to provide health, education, and other government services.
It noted that Nafha prison which is located in Negev desert have been called for releasing Palestinian prisoners jailed for long term solitary confinement.
Israeli police have demolished a mosque in the Arab town of Rahat in the Negev desert.