Negev

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Negev

(nĕg`ĕv) or

Negeb

(nĕg`ĕb) [Heb.,=dry], hilly desert region of S Israel, c.5,140 sq mi (13,310 sq km), bordered by the Judaean Hills, the Wadi Arabah, the Sinai peninsula, and the narrow Mediterranean coastal plain; it comprises more than one half of Israel's land area. The Negev receives c.2 to 4 in. (5–10 cm) of rain annually. In the Beersheba basin, NW Negev, there are fertile loess deposits, but the region's aridity prevented cultivation until irrigation was provided by the National Water Carrier Project, which taps the Sea of Galilee. The Negev region also has a good mineral potential; copper, phosphates, and natural gas are already commercially extracted. In ancient times there were several prosperous cities along the principal wadis (watercourses) of the area. In modern times the Negev was the scene of much fighting between Egyptian and Israeli forces after the partition of Palestine in 1948. Many kibbutzim (see collective farmcollective farm,
an agricultural production unit including a number of farm households or villages working together under state control. The description of the collective farm has varied with time and place.
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) are located in the Negev; dry farming has been attempted in some areas. The major cities in the region include BeershebaBeersheba
[Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for Bedouins, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry.
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, DimonaDimona
[Heb.,=wasting], town (1994 pop. 30,400), S Israel, in the Negev Desert. It is the seat of the Negev Nuclear Research Center. Mining and the production of textiles, chemicals, and processed minerals are also important.
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, Arad, and ElatElat
or Eilat
[Heb.,=trees], city (1994 pop. 35,700), S Israel, a port on the Gulf of Aqaba, an arm of the Red Sea. It is strategically located near the Sinai peninsula, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia and is Israel's gateway to Africa and East Asia.
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.

Negev

, Negeb
the S part of Israel, on the Gulf of Aqaba: a triangular-shaped semidesert region, with large areas under irrigation; scene of fighting between Israeli and Egyptian forces in 1948. Chief town: Beersheba. Area: 12 820 sq. km (4950 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Microhabitat to landscape impacts: Crested porcupine digs in the Negev Desert highlands.
Activists have called for a protest outside the Arab League on Thursday to condemn the Israeli Prawer Plan that will result in mass displacement of thousands of Arab Bedouins in the Negev desert region south of Israel.
When the drone was finally over the Negev desert and away from any populated area, one of the F16I fighter planes following the drone was ordered to shoot it down.
Troops are searching for remains of the aircraft in the north of the Negev desert.
The committee added that the demolition "indicated that Israel started the implementation of the Prawer Committee's recommendations against Bedouins in the Negev Desert.
Around 80,000 Arab-Israelis on Sunday demonstrated in front of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's office in protest of the Praver Plan, which is set to confiscate Arab land in the Negev Desert for the establishment of settlements and Israeli army bases and training areas, the pan-Arab daily ASHARQ AL AWSAT reported on Monday.
In the 1960s, Israel began a policy of resettling the nomadic Bedouin of the Negev Desert into towns, making it easier for the government to provide health, education, and other government services.
It noted that Nafha prison which is located in Negev desert have been called for releasing Palestinian prisoners jailed for long term solitary confinement.
Israeli police have demolished a mosque in the Arab town of Rahat in the Negev desert.
Marines training exercises recently held in Israel's Negev desert, "the traditional question of war or no war .
The original village of Al Araqib, in the Negev Desert, was destroyed in a dawn raid by thousands of Israeli police on 27 July, leaving 300 residents, 200 of them children, homeless.
You had a disastrous filming experience in the Negev Desert didn't you?