manslaughter

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Related to Negligent manslaughter: Involuntary manslaughter

manslaughter,

homicidehomicide
, in law, the taking of human life. Homicides that are neither justifiable nor excusable are considered crimes. A criminal homicide committed with malice is known as murder, otherwise it is called manslaughter.
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 committed without justification or excuse but distinguished from murdermurder,
criminal homicide, usually distinguished from manslaughter by the element of malice aforethought. The most direct case of malicious intent occurs when the killer is known to have adopted the deliberate intent to commit the homicidal act at some time before it is actually
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 by the absence of the element of malicemalice,
in law, an intentional violation of the law of crimes or torts that injures another person. Malice need not involve a malignant spirit or the definite intent to do harm.
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 aforethought. Modern criminal statutes usually divide it into degrees, the most common distinction being between voluntary and involuntary manslaughter. Voluntary manslaughter is a killing done in the heat of passion provoked by acts of the victim such as to cause a reasonable man to act rashly and without reflection. Such provocation may include violent assault and an unlawful attempt to arrest him, but not mere insulting words or gestures. Involuntary manslaughter is a killing in which there is no intention to kill at all. It occurs when the killing is the result of the commission of a crime that is neither a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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 nor an act likely to cause great bodily harm or when it is the result of a lawful act done in a criminal manner, e.g., a case of negligencenegligence,
in law, especially tort law, the breach of an obligation (duty) to act with care, or the failure to act as a reasonable and prudent person would under similar circumstances.
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. The advent of the automobile caused many manslaughter cases that arise from reckless and careless driving; in the statutes of some states of the United States such killing is a separate crime.

manslaughter

Law the unlawful killing of one human being by another without malice aforethought
References in periodicals archive ?
As noted in the introduction, the approach taken by Australian states and territories to medical manslaughter is generally divided between those jurisdictions that have adopted the common law offence of negligent manslaughter (for example New South Wales) and those, like Queensland, which statutorily state that a person who 'undertakes to administer surgical or medical treatment to any other person, or to do any other lawful act which is or may be dangerous to human life or health .
Police Chief Mike Wallace said sisters Clara Bell and Eugenia Bell, mothers of the children, had each been charged with five counts of negligent manslaughter and one count of felony child neglect.
Priya Ramnath was charged with gross negligent manslaughter over the death of 51-year-old Patricia Leighton, from Burntwood in Staffordshire.
But in a statement he made no comment about the charges of negligent manslaughter he is expected to face when results from blood and tissue tests in Athens are complete.
The investigations turned fresh attention on Swiss air traffic control, and prompted prosecutors in Zurich to open an inquiry on suspicion of negligent manslaughter and negligent disruption of public transport.
Peter Finlay was acquitted by a jury at Caernarfon Crown Court of the negligent manslaughter of 10-year-old scout Jonathan Attwell, who fell to his death on a walking expedition on Snowdon.
Yesterday, state prosecutor Alfons Grevener said he was considering charges of negligent manslaughter against the construction firm or train operator.
Meanwhile, the names of the three fire brigade officers convicted of negligent manslaughter in July 2013, in connection with the July 2011 blast at Mari that left 13 people dead, and sentenced to two years in prison, are also on the list.
The owner of the company that leased the paddle boat was subsequently detained on charges of negligent manslaughter.
Paul Pettinger, from Banbury, Oxfordshire, 25 at the time of the accident, was convicted in a Greek court in 2001 of negligent manslaughter and abandoning a victim.
The court already has the power to jail individuals for gross negligent manslaughter.