special military formations in the Northern Army during the Civil War in the USA (1861–65).
The first Negro regiments were created in May 1862. By the war’s end, there were 177 Negro regiments with approximately 190,000 men. Negro soldiers were recruited, for the most part, in the slaveholding states. The Negro soldiers fought in battles and manifested great courage and self-sacrifice. During the war more than 39,000 Negro soldiers were killed.
REFERENCESFoster, W. Z. Negritianskii narod v istorii Ameriki. Moscow, 1955. (Translated from English.)
Cornish, D. The Sable Arm: Negro Troops in the Union Army: 1861–1865. New York, 1956.