Negro

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Related to Negro race: Caucasian race, Black race, Negra

Negro

or

Negroid:

see racerace,
one of the group of populations regarded as constituting humanity. The differences that have historically determined the classification into races are predominantly physical aspects of appearance that are generally hereditary.
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Negro

 

a term used in many languages to designate persons of the Negroid race.

(1) Negroes constitute the indigenous population of tropical and southern Africa. The use of the term “Negro” as a general ethnic designation is incorrect, since Negroes in Africa belong to a great number of diverse peoples and tribes speaking languages of many linguistic families and groups, for example, Bantu, Eastern Bantoid, Gur, Atlantic, and Nilotic. According to a 1971 estimate, there are more than 200 million Negroes in Africa. Africans do not use the designation “Negro.”

(2) In America, Negroes are the descendants of slaves from different tribes who were brought from Africa during the 16th through the 19th centuries and who have intermixed to a considerable degree with the white and to some degree with the Indian population. They have also adopted the dominant language of the country in which they live (English, Portuguese, Spanish, French, Dutch). A 1971 estimate shows their number to be about 100 million (more than two-thirds of whom are mulattoes), including approximately 23 million in the USA and approximately 25 million in Brazil. Most of the remaining Negroes are concentrated in the basin of the Caribbean Sea. The Negroes of America form separate ethnic groups in Haiti, Jamaica, Guyana, and Surinam, as well as on Barbados and certain other islands of the Lesser Antilles, where they constitute the basic population. In some countries, Negroes are part of the basic population, for example, Americans of the USA, Brazilians, Cubans, Venezuelans, Colombians, and Puerto Ricans. The Negroes of the American countries (with the exception of those living in socialist Cuba) usually belong to the most oppressed strata of the working people.

Although Negroes in the USA achieved a certain degree of success during their persistent struggle for equal rights in the 1960’s, they are still subjected to de facto segregation (most of them live in black ghettos). They are discriminated against in hiring, working conditions, wages, education, medical services, and so forth.

REFERENCES

Narody Ameriki, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1959.
Foster, W. Z. Negritianskii narod v istorii Ameriki. Moscow, 1955. (Translated from English.)
Nitoburg, E. L. Chernye getto Ameriki. Moscow, 1971.
Frazier, E. F. The Negro in the United States. New York, 1957.

Negro

 

a river in Argentina, in northern Patagonia. Formed by the confluence of the Neuquén and Limay rivers, which originate in the Andes, the Negro is approximately 1,300 km long, measured from the source of the Neuquén River, and drains an area of 146,000 sq km. It flows over the dry plains of northern Patagonia and empties into the Atlantic. There are freshets in early summer. The mean flow rate is approximately 950 cu m per sec. Some parts of the river are navigable. The El Chocon-Cerros Colorados (on the Limay and the Neuquén rivers, respectively) hydroelectric power complex, Argentina’s largest, is under construction in the Negro River basin.


Negro

 

a river in South America, primarily in Brazil, a left tributary of the Amazon. The Negro originates as the Guainía in Colombia. It is 2,300 km long and drains an area of 691,000 sq km. The upper Negro, to the city of Castanheiro, has many rapids; further down the Negro flows over the Amazon Basin lowland in a wide channel with many islands. It is joined by the Branco, a major tributary, on the left. There are flash floods between March and late August, and the water level is low from October to January. The mean flow rate is 29,300 cu m per sec. The Casiquiare, a left tributary, connects the Negro and the Orinoco River, a classic example of bifurcation of rivers. The Negro is navigable for a distance of approximately 1,000 km from the mouth, where the large port of Manaus is located.


Negro

 

a river in Uruguay, a left tributary of the Uruguay River. The Negro rises in Brazil. It measures approximately 500 km long and drains an area of 70,600 sq km. It flows over plains. The mean flow rate is approximately 700 cu m per sec. A large reservoir, Embalse del Río Negro, and a hydroelectric power plant are in the middle course. The lower Negro is navigable to the city of Mercedes.

Negro

1 Old-fashioned or offensive
a member of any of the dark-skinned indigenous peoples of Africa and their descendants elsewhere

Negro

2 R?o
1. a river in NW South America, rising in E Colombia (as the Guain?a) and flowing east, then south as part of the border between Colombia and Venezuela, entering Brazil and continuing southeast to join the Amazon at Man?us. Length: about 2250 km (1400 miles)
2. a river in S central Argentina, formed by the confluence of the Neuqu?n and Limay Rivers and flowing east and southeast to the Atlantic. Length: about 1014 km (630 miles)
3. a river in central Uruguay, rising in S Brazil and flowing southwest into the Uruguay River. Length: about 467 km (290 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In his Essay, Gobineau presented a racial ladder occupied by Caucasian, Mongoloid and Negro races.
then this nation shall begin to atone to the negro race for their accumulated wrongs .
That Dubois could follow these words with the essentializing passage, "the character of the Negro race is the best and greatest hope; for in its normal condition it is at once the strongest and gentlest of the races of men," reinforces Foley's emphasis on the ways in which the ideology of nation structured the class/race fusion in the era of the revolutionary New Negro.
In the first cases in this Court construing the Fourteenth Amendment, decided shortly after its adoption, the Court interpreted it as proscribing all state-imposed discriminations against the Negro race.
The Amsterdam News spoke for northern blacks, "The negro race rejoices over the victory, and why not.
Within the veins of the so-called negro race there course traces of the blood of every known variety or sub-variety of the human family.
the genius of the race" and to effect "the civilization of the Negro race in the United States, by the scientific processes of literature, art, and philosophy, through the agency of the cultured men of this same Negro race" (Crummell 3).
Cartwrighr, MD, "Report on the Diseases and Physical Peculiarities of the Negro Race," in Arthur L.
In celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Emancipation of the American Negro, I am proposing to bring out an Encyclopaedia Africana covering the chief points in the history and condition of the Negro race.
Taney objected to the idea of recognizing blacks as citizens because "it would give to persons of the negro race.
He said, "My answer is the civilization of the Negro race in the United States, by the scientific process of literature, art, and philosophy, through the agency of the cultured men of this same Negro race.
Building upon the pioneering works of historian George Washington Williams, namely his two-volume History of the Negro Race in America (1882), W.