Nehemiah


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Related to Nehemiah: Book of Nehemiah

Nehemiah,

originally combined with EzraEzra,
book of the Bible, combined with Nehemiah in the Septuagint to form the book 2 Esdras. In the Vulgate, Ezra and Nehemiah are called 1 and 2 Esdras respectively. Ezra, like Nehemiah, is the work of the Chronicler (see Chronicles) and narrates the history of the Jews from
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 to form a single book in the Hebrew canon. In the SeptuagintSeptuagint
[Lat.,=70], oldest extant Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible made by Hellenistic Jews, possibly from Alexandria, c.250 B.C. Legend, according to the fictional letter of Aristeas, records that it was done in 72 days by 72 translators for Ptolemy Philadelphus, which
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, Ezra and Nehemiah are combined as Second EsdrasEsdras
[Gr. from Heb. Ezra], name of several books found in the Old Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. The New Revised Standard Version (following the Authorized Version) maintains the titles Ezra and Nehemiah for the books to which the Vulgate gives the titles First and
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. The book narrates the return to Jerusalem of Nehemiah, the cup-bearer of Persian King Artaxerxes I, as governor of the city-state. In the first period of Nehemiah's governorship (445–433 B.C.) as related in the book, Jerusalem's walls were rebuilt. There follows an account of the census taking during the earlier era of ZerubbabelZerubbabel
[Heb.,=seed of Babylon], in the Bible, a grandson of King Jehoiachin (exiled in 597 B.C.) and governor of Jerusalem. He led a company returning from exile in c.520 B.C. under patronage of the Persian King Darius.
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 in c.520 B.C. The work continues with the return of Ezra in 458 B.C.; the reading of the Jewish law; the national confession of sin; a return to Nehemiah's first governorship; and a brief account of his second term, which began sometime after 433 B.C.

Bibliography

See EzraEzra,
book of the Bible, combined with Nehemiah in the Septuagint to form the book 2 Esdras. In the Vulgate, Ezra and Nehemiah are called 1 and 2 Esdras respectively. Ezra, like Nehemiah, is the work of the Chronicler (see Chronicles) and narrates the history of the Jews from
..... Click the link for more information.
 for bibliography.


Nehemiah

(nē'əmī`ə), in the Bible. 1 Central figure of the Book of Nehemiah: see EzraEzra,
book of the Bible, combined with Nehemiah in the Septuagint to form the book 2 Esdras. In the Vulgate, Ezra and Nehemiah are called 1 and 2 Esdras respectively. Ezra, like Nehemiah, is the work of the Chronicler (see Chronicles) and narrates the history of the Jews from
..... Click the link for more information.
. 2 One who returned from the Exile. 3 Worker on the wall.

Nehemiah

 

high official (cupbearer) of the Persian king Artaxerxes I.

From 445 to 433 B.C., Nehemiah was governor of the Jewish civic and temple community in the Persian satrapy of Judah. Facing a bitter conflict between the community and other groups of the population, Nehemiah fortified Jerusalem and resettled some of the community members there. Struggling against moneylending, the seizure of land, and the enslavement of debtors, Nehemiah issued a law concerning the cancellation of debts in the community and the return of debtors’ property. A “constitution” introduced by Nehemiah, based on the laws of the Pentateuch, demanded the strictest observance of religious regulations and categorically forbade mixed marriages. The steps taken by Nehemiah were the consummation of the process of the shaping of the Jewish community. The Old Testament Book of Nehemiah, based on the records or memoirs of Nehemiah, was compiled in the second half of the fifth or early fourth century B.C.

REFERENCES

Veinberg, I. P. Grazhdansko-khramovaia obshchina v zapadnykh provintsiiakh akhemenidskoi derzhavy. Tbilisi, 1973. (Author abstract of dissertation.)
Mowinckel, S. Studien zu dem Buche Ezra-Nehemia, (vols.) 1–3. Oslo, 1964–65.
Ackroyd, P. R. Exile and Restoration. London, 1968.

I. P. VEINBERG

Nehemiah

Old Testament
1. a Jewish official at the court of Artaxerxes, king of Persia, who in 444 bc became a leader in the rebuilding of Jerusalem after the Babylonian captivity
2. the book recounting the acts of Nehemiah
References in periodicals archive ?
THE TRIENNIAL BIBLE READING CALENDAR DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY OF CHAIM ABRAMOWITZ July Song of Songs 1-8 Ruth 1-4 Lamentations 1-5 Ecclesiastes 1-12 August Esther 1-10 Daniel 1-12 Ezra 1-6 September Ezra 7-10 Nehemiah 1-13 I Chronicles 1-11 October I Chronicles 12-29 II Chonicles 1-10 November II Chronicles 11-36 Genesis 1-2
Ambushed: Attack victim Nehemiah Bryce and his car found after the shooting.
HUD asked the district director of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in Sacramento, California, whether the Nehemiah scheme was within the IRS' definition of a charitable purpose and received confirmation of Nehemiah's status as a tax-exempt charitable organization under Section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Service Code.
One curious note in closing: citation of this book does occasionally appear under the title The Selected Writings of Nehemiah Wallington: The Thoughts and Considerations of a London Puritan and Wood-Turner, 1618-1654 (2007).
He produced an old sheaf of fourteen-inch papers in an unbound folder, constituting his personal copy of Nehemiah Robinson's 1949 commentary--given to him by none other than Robinson himself.
The Nehemiah Program (www.nehemiahcorp.org; 877-634-3642), This is the nation's largest privately funded down payment assistance program.
Drawing heavily upon the Old Testament story of Nehemiah, a man who dared to lead Jerusalem through spiritual revival, Building God's Wall speaks strongly against modern hedonistic tendencies to supplant God's will as expressed through the Bible and the Ten Commandments with personal pride--treating commandments from Scripture "like advice from their mothers-in-law instead of God's Word." Building God's Wall particularly exhorts the weaknesses of a divided heart and emphasizes mixed marriage--specifically defined as the marriage of believers to unbelievers in the present day, though in Nehemiah's era it referred to the marriage of Israelites to the peoples they had conquered--as a root of spreading faithlessness.
(chair of the Old Testament department and professor of Old Testament studies, Dallas Theological Seminary), Interpreting the Historical Books: An Exegetical Handbook is an in-depth scrutiny of Old Testament books Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 & 2 Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther.
Lobsanova's serenely poignant performance, partnered by National Ballet then-soloist Nehemiah Kish, now a principal, triggered a rush of excitement.
However, in Lausanne he pulled away from the duo to slice the biggest margin from the high hurdles record since Renaldo Nehemiah lowered it by 0.21sec to exactly 13secs in 1979.
The pair should have faced each other on Tyneside this weekend, but Gatlin's agent Renaldo Nehemiah withdrew his sprinter, saying no contract had been signed for them to race each other so early in the season.
Powell and Gatlin should have faced each other on Tyneside this weekend, but Gatlin's agent Renaldo Nehemiah withdrew his sprinter.