Nehemiah Grew


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Grew, Nehemiah

 

Born Sept. 26. 1641. in Atherstone; died Mar. 25, 1712, in London. English botanist and physician; secretary of the Royal Society (1677). Together with M. Malpighi, Grew was the cofounder of the science of plant anatomy. In his Anatomy of Plants, (1682), Grew described the microscopic structure of roots, stems, leaves, fruits, and seeds. He advanced the idea of the unity of microscopic structure of the various organs, which he reduced to three elements: “vacuoles” (cells), fibers, and tubules. He introduced the terms “tissue” and “parenchyma” and described the stomata. He recognized flowers as the organs of sexual reproduction in plants.

REFERENCES

Lunkevich, V. V. Ot Geraklita do Darvina: Ocherki po istorii biologii. 2nd ed., vol. 2. Moscow. 1960.
Arber, A. “Nehemiah Grew.” In Makers of British Botany. Cambridge. 1913. Pages 44–64.
References in periodicals archive ?
Natural philosopher Nehemiah Grew capped his invention of Epsom salts by his spoilsport suggestion that the sudden heat made air and water in the wood expand to produce the Protestant groans, but Whigs knew better.
Some of this disdain for plant life was broken down, in 1682, by the English botanist Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712), who showed that plants reproduced sexually, that they had sexual organs, and that individual grains of pollen were the equivalent of the sperm cells of the animal's world.