Nehru, Motilal

Nehru, Motilal

(mō`tĭləl nā`ro͞o, nĕ`–), 1861–1931, Indian political leader, father of Jawaharlal NehruNehru, Jawaharlal
, 1889–1964, Indian statesman, b. Allahabad (now Priyagraj); son of Motilal Nehru. A politician and statesman of great skill, Nehru was enormously popular in India.
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. A successful attorney, he joined the Indian National CongressIndian National Congress,
Indian political party, founded in 1885. Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India.
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 and served as its president in 1919. In 1923, however, he entered the national legislature as leader of the Swaraj [independence] party, formed to wreck the constitution by obstruction from within. After returning (1926) to the Congress party, he was chairman of an all-party commission to draft a constitution for India; its report (1928), which proposed dominion status for India and ruled out separate Hindu and Muslim electorates, was rejected by the Indian Muslim leaders.


See his selected speeches, ed. by K. M. Panikkar and A. Pershad (1961); biographies by B. R. Nanda (1964) and B. Lamb (1967).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nehru, Motilal


Born May 6, 1861, in Agra; died Feb. 6, 1931, in Lucknow. Prominent figure in the Indian national liberation movement and a leader of the Indian National Congress. A prominent lawyer; father of Jawaharlal Nehru.

In 1919 and 1928, Motilal Nehru was elected president of the Congress. In 1923 he was one of the founders of the Swaraj (Freedom) Party, which he helped lead as an arm of the Congress. Nehru drafted a constitution in 1928 that proposed dominion status for India. He was highly sympathetic to the USSR, which he visited in 1927, and drew attention to the need to apply Soviet experience in developing the economy and culture of India after its liberation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.