Neil Armstrong

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Armstrong, Neil

 

Born Aug. 5, 1930, in Wapakoneta, Ohio. U. S. aviator and astronaut; naval officer. Graduated from Purdue University in Lafayette, Indiana (1955), with a specialization in aeronautical engineering.

Armstrong served in naval units and then at the Lewis research center as a test pilot. He tested jet planes, including the experimental X-15 rocket plane. From 1962 on, he was on the team of astronauts of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of the USA. On Mar. 16, 1966, he made a space flight (along with D. Scott) as command pilot of the spacecraft Gemini 8. The flight lasted ten hours and 40 minutes (seven orbits around the earth).

Armstrong made the historic first flight to the moon with E. Aldrin and M. Collins, from July 16 to 24,1969, serving as commander of the spacecraft Apollo 11. A lunar module with Armstrong and Aldrin landed on the moon in the area of the Sea of Tranquility on July 20, 1969. Armstrong was the first man to set foot on the moon (July 21, 1969); he spent two hours, 21 minutes and 16 seconds outside the spacecraft. After successfully completing its program, the crew of Apollo II returned to earth.

References in periodicals archive ?
American astronaut Neil Alden Armstrong, 73 Famous for being the first man on the moon, Armstrong was born in Ohio in 1930.
As Neil Alden Armstrong, a distant relative of mine, said when he stepped on to the Sea of Tranquillity, 'this is one small step for man but one giant leap for democracy in Birmingham'.