Neil Armstrong


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Armstrong, Neil

 

Born Aug. 5, 1930, in Wapakoneta, Ohio. U. S. aviator and astronaut; naval officer. Graduated from Purdue University in Lafayette, Indiana (1955), with a specialization in aeronautical engineering.

Armstrong served in naval units and then at the Lewis research center as a test pilot. He tested jet planes, including the experimental X-15 rocket plane. From 1962 on, he was on the team of astronauts of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration of the USA. On Mar. 16, 1966, he made a space flight (along with D. Scott) as command pilot of the spacecraft Gemini 8. The flight lasted ten hours and 40 minutes (seven orbits around the earth).

Armstrong made the historic first flight to the moon with E. Aldrin and M. Collins, from July 16 to 24,1969, serving as commander of the spacecraft Apollo 11. A lunar module with Armstrong and Aldrin landed on the moon in the area of the Sea of Tranquility on July 20, 1969. Armstrong was the first man to set foot on the moon (July 21, 1969); he spent two hours, 21 minutes and 16 seconds outside the spacecraft. After successfully completing its program, the crew of Apollo II returned to earth.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Neil Armstrong, named for the renowned astronaut and test pilot, and the first man to set foot on the moon, is owned by the US Navy and operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), an independent, non-profit research and education organization based on Cape Cod in Massachusetts.
Meanwhile, one Twitter user wrote: "Absolutely devastated to hear that Dr Neil Armstrong has passed away, such a kind man with a great sense of humour.
He said: "On the day I was born, Neil Armstrong and Co descended to the moon.
Andrew Smith, author of Moondust, In Search Of The Men Who Fell to Earth says of the astronauts: "The one thing which connected almost all of them was their modesty and, like the great Neil Armstrong, their refusal to take credit for what they'd done.
R/V Neil Armstrong is the first oceanographic research vessel named for a space explorer, but the link between space and ocean exploration is not new.
The photo is captioned "Paul Calle and Neil Armstrong sign the prints at the National Air and Space Museum on December 23, 1976".
Years later, with Nasa's help I got the addresses of both Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin and wrote to them and was thrilled when I got their responses.
Yesterday, David Powell, secretary of the Cardiff Astronomical Society, said: "What Neil Armstrong accomplished on the Apollo 11 mission was highly significant as it proved that mankind had the capability to put fellow men on satellites and potentially on other planets too.
YOUR Announcing his death, Mr Armstrong's family said in a statement: "We are heartbroken to share the news that Neil Armstrong has passed away following complications resulting from cardiovascular procedures.
US PRESIDENT Barack Obama led the tributes to Neil Armstrong, hailing the first man to step on the moon as one of America's greatest heroes.
SUNNY SMILES: Astronauts, from left, Edwin 'Buzz' Aldrin, Neil Armstrong and Michael Collins pictured in the year of the moon landing, 1969 .