Neilson, James Beaumont

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neilson, James Beaumont


Born June 22, 1792, in Shettleston, near Glasgow; died Jan. 18, 1865, in Queen’s Hill, County Kirkcudbright. English inventor. Son of a factory foreman.

Because of his family’s poverty, Neilson could not pursue an engineering education. In 1825 he began experiments on drawing hot air into a blast furnace. In 1828 he received a patent, and in 1829 he set up the hot-blast process in the Clyde Ironworks in Scotland. The air was heated to approximately 150°C in V-shaped cast-iron pipes passing through the firebox.


Smiles, S. Biografii promyshlennykh deiatelei: Zhelezopromyshlenniki i fabrikanty zheleznykh izdelii. St. Petersburg, 1903. (Translated from English.)
Mezenin, N. A. Povest’ o masierakh zheleznogo dela. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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