Nejd


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Nejd

(nĕjd) or

Najd

(näjd), region, central Saudi Arabia. RiyadhRiyadh
or Riad
, city (1997 est. pop. 3,000,000), capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia, in the Nejd, central Saudi Arabia. It is situated in an oasis, c.240 mi (390 km) inland from the Persian Gulf.
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, the country's capital and major city, is located there. The Nejd is a vast plateau from 2,500 to 5,000 ft (762–1,524 m) high. There is a chain of oasis settlements in the eastern section; elsewhere the area is roamed by nomadic Bedouins. The Nejd, the stronghold of the WahhabiWahhabi
or Wahabi
, reform movement in Islam, originating in Arabia; adherents of the movement usually refer to themselves as Muwahhidun [unitarians]. It was founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahab (c.
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 movement, was gradually conquered (1899–1912) from Turkey by the Wahhabi leader, Ibn Saud. From there he completed his conquest of the HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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 and Al Hasa. In 1932 the Nejd became part of his newly constituted domain, Saudi Arabia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nejd

 

a province of Saudi Arabia. Area, approximately 1 million sq km. Population, approximately 4 million, 40 percent of which is nomadic. The capital is Riyadh.

The primary occupation of the populace is nomadic stock raising. Agriculture is practiced in the oases, where wheat, barley, durra, dates, pomegranates, peaches, and citrus fruits are grown. Raw agricultural products are processed in the cities and hand-crafted goods are made. There are military-related industrial plants in Harad and a cement plant in Riyadh.

In the fifth century and the first half of the sixth, Nejd was ruled by the Kindah, an Arab clan. From the seventh to the ninth centuries it was first part of the Arab caliphate and then of other feudal political formations on the Arabian Peninsula. In the 18th century Nejd became the center of the Wahhabi movement; the Wahhabis established the Saudi emirate, a feudal theocratic state that existed (with interruptions) in the 19th and early 20th centuries. After World War I, the Saudi emirate of Nejd led the struggle for the unification of northern and central Arabia, which led to the formation in the mid-1920’s of a dual kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, known as Saudi Arabia since 1932.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Nejd

a region of central Saudi Arabia: formerly an independent sultanate of Arabia; united with Hejaz to form the kingdom of Saudi Arabia (1932)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The author of the Safarnama-e-Iraq wa Shaam ba rasta-e-Nejd wa Baitul Haram, Khawaja Hasan Jaan Sirhindi who travelled by sea in 1914 CE reached Kuwait via Basra and Baghdad by ship then continued his journey to Hejaz by land passing through the main towns of Nejd such as Qaseem, Buridah, Village of Zulfi etc.18
In the early 19th century, the Turco-Egyptian army, sent by the pasha of Egypt, defeated the Wahhabi empire of the time and confined Wahhabism to its native Nejd, the large plateau in the central portion of what presently is known as Saudi Arabia.
Ha'il, which is an oasis city in Nejd in the north west of the country, contributes to a large percentage of the Kingdom's wheat, date and fruit production.
Its founder, Saleh Abdul Aziz Al Rajhi, grew up in the Nejd desert where he and his brother, Sulaiman Al-Rajhi, began their business by changing money for pilgrims taking camel caravans across the desert to the cities of Mecca and Medina.
The formation of Saudi Arabia in 1932, with the unification of the two kingdoms of the Hejaz and Nejd, is considered to have led to the development of a distinct Saudi Arabian literature.
Al Khalifas who arrived to Bahrain from the mainland were followed by Sunni families from the Nejd who settled subsequently in Bahrain.
Natives of the Arabian Peninsula, many Qataris are descended from a number of migratory tribes that came to Qatar in the 18th century from the neighboring areas of Nejd and Al-Hasa.
The ruling Al Thani family is a descendant of the Bani Tamim tribe with roots in the Nejd region of Saudi Arabia.
Al Dwasir near the ancient central plateau of Nejd , the mountain retreat of Tabuk, Qurrayat in the north, Sharura, Ala-Wajh and Najran simple-cycle power
It factors into the reckoning that the Yemeni and Saudi Shiites are oriented towards Tehran and that the Shia Muslims in Saudi Arabia inhabit Nejd, the region containing some of the country's most valuable oil reserves.
By the end of 1925, British intelligence was assessing two new threats to Iraq's security, one in the form of aggression from Nejd, and the second from the more ephemeral ideals transmitted from revolutionary Egypt.