Nejd


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Nejd

(nĕjd) or

Najd

(näjd), region, central Saudi Arabia. RiyadhRiyadh
or Riad
, city (1997 est. pop. 3,000,000), capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia, in the Nejd, central Saudi Arabia. It is situated in an oasis, c.240 mi (390 km) inland from the Persian Gulf.
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, the country's capital and major city, is located there. The Nejd is a vast plateau from 2,500 to 5,000 ft (762–1,524 m) high. There is a chain of oasis settlements in the eastern section; elsewhere the area is roamed by nomadic Bedouins. The Nejd, the stronghold of the WahhabiWahhabi
or Wahabi
, reform movement in Islam, originating in Arabia; adherents of the movement usually refer to themselves as Muwahhidun [unitarians]. It was founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahab (c.
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 movement, was gradually conquered (1899–1912) from Turkey by the Wahhabi leader, Ibn Saud. From there he completed his conquest of the HejazHejaz
or Hedjaz
, region, c.150,000 sq mi (388,500 sq km), NW Saudi Arabia, on the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Mecca is the chief city. Extending S to Asir, Hejaz is mainly a dissected highland region lying between the narrow, long coastal strip and the interior
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 and Al Hasa. In 1932 the Nejd became part of his newly constituted domain, Saudi Arabia.

Nejd

 

a province of Saudi Arabia. Area, approximately 1 million sq km. Population, approximately 4 million, 40 percent of which is nomadic. The capital is Riyadh.

The primary occupation of the populace is nomadic stock raising. Agriculture is practiced in the oases, where wheat, barley, durra, dates, pomegranates, peaches, and citrus fruits are grown. Raw agricultural products are processed in the cities and hand-crafted goods are made. There are military-related industrial plants in Harad and a cement plant in Riyadh.

In the fifth century and the first half of the sixth, Nejd was ruled by the Kindah, an Arab clan. From the seventh to the ninth centuries it was first part of the Arab caliphate and then of other feudal political formations on the Arabian Peninsula. In the 18th century Nejd became the center of the Wahhabi movement; the Wahhabis established the Saudi emirate, a feudal theocratic state that existed (with interruptions) in the 19th and early 20th centuries. After World War I, the Saudi emirate of Nejd led the struggle for the unification of northern and central Arabia, which led to the formation in the mid-1920’s of a dual kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, known as Saudi Arabia since 1932.

Nejd

a region of central Saudi Arabia: formerly an independent sultanate of Arabia; united with Hejaz to form the kingdom of Saudi Arabia (1932)
References in periodicals archive ?
The House of Saud and its allies rose to become the dominant state in Arabia controlling most of the Nejd, but neither coast.
It is also a great opportunity for us to display our culture to the rest of the world as the company is now in the process of displaying the handicraft skills of the local artisans to international buyers,Ao said the women behind The Nejd products, which they claim are the second highest-selling souvenirs in the Oman Duty Free Shop.
13) In Nejd Yaziji's brilliant reading, Wild Thorns critiques the land-rhetoric that informs Palestinian resistance because that romanticization of the land "alienat[es] two groups that have played a fundamental role m maintaining Palestinian struggle and peoplehood: the peasant-worker class and women (the two disempowered groups of Palestinian society par excellence" (2000, 88).
From the Nejd, the Dhofar Hills, and the coastal plain, we have no Hadrami coins, no Hadrami or Mediterranean ceramic imports.
Zarkali, a son of Starborough owned by Sean Mulryan, becomes the winner from L'As De Pembo and Kan Nejd.
The final major personality in the region was Ibn Saud, leader of the Wahabis, a militant and puritanical Muslim sect, and ruler of the twin kingdoms of the Hejaz and Nejd.
59) Around the middle of the 18th century, a theologian named Muhammad bin 'Abd al-Wahhab (1703- 1793) succeeded in persuading Muhammad ibn Saud, a tribal chief of the town of Dar'iyyah of Nejd in the Arabian peninsula, to challenge the Ottomans and carve out a state where al-Wahhab and the ulama would exercise religious authority while the rulers would wield the political authority.
These reports were most prevalent in the central Nejd region, which includes the capital, Riyadh.
Wilfrid Blunt's influence should be felt most strongly in Gregory's attitude to native peoples: his literary treatment of the Arabs in the Pilgrimage to Nejd (which he co-authored with his wife, Anne) depended implicitly upon his insistence that they were, in their least influenced form, an 'amiable' and a picturesque people.
Saudi Arabia is a union of two areas, Nejd and Hejaz.
19) The Convention established, in Article 11, a line separating the Ottoman Sanjak of Nejd from the "peninsula of al-Qatar," (20) then stating:
It was never colonized or taken under protection by European powers; in fact, not even the Ottoman writ ran in the steppes and deserts of Nejd.