Nekhtharheb

Nekhtharheb

(nĕkht-här`ĕb'), Gr. Nectanebo II, reigned 359–343, king of ancient Egypt, of the XXX dynasty. With the support of Agesilaus IIAgesilaus II
, c.444–360 B.C., king of Sparta. After the death of Agis I (398? B.C.), he was brought to power by Lysander, whom he promptly ignored. After the Peloponnesian War the Greek cities in Asia Minor had not been ceded to Persia despite Sparta's promises, and in
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 of Sparta, he overthrew Djedhor (or Tachos) while the pharoah was invading Syria. Nekhtharheb built an all-granite temple at Horbeit, a kiosk at Philae, and statues at Abydos and Bubastis. Persia, which had recovered its strength, bent all its efforts to reconquer Egypt. With Spartan aid Nekhtharheb was able to resist the first attack in 351, but in 343, hopelessly outnumbered, he was defeated and fled to Upper Egypt. He was ancient Egypt's last native ruler.
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again defended Sparta against Epaminondas (spring 362), but did not fight at Mantinea (362); led a largely Spartan mercenary army to Egypt in the service of King Zedhor (Tachos) and his invasion of Palestine and Syria (361); supported Zedhor's rival Nekhtharheb (Nectanebo II) in a successful revolt, and helped Nekhtharheb against another rival (361-360); died at Cyrene (Shahhat) on his way home from Sparta (360).