Yelena Budovskaya, PhD, Assistant Professor, University of Amsterdam, Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, Netherlands, holds the view that aging is not the result of accumulated damage, but rather is the result of "developmental pathways that go awry late in life." (15) Her study of nematode worms
supports her view.
The tiny Nematode worm
, despite appearing to be far-removed from the human species, is a useful tool for scientists who want to explore how our bodies work.
Pine weevil Nematode worms
are already being deployed by Forestry Commission Wales but latest research suggests their combined use with insect-killing fungi is far more effective.
Experiments: To investigate lifespan, the researchers compared the longevity of four species of nematode worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans, Caenorhabditis briggsae, Caenorhabditis remanei and Caenorhabditis brenneri) and also the expression of DAF-16.
The most common nematodes to consider include Strongyloides stercoralis as part of a hyperinfection syndrome, Toxocara species or less commonly Baylisascaris species as agents of visceral larva migrans, or other nematode worms
that may involve the CNS such as Angiostrongylus and Gnathostoma species.
The nematode worms
would have to get permission to spread by querying a central server for a specific digital token, which Aitel dubbed a nematoken, before spreading to a particular machine.
Researchers at Birmingham University are using microscopic nematode worms
to examine how Cryptococcus fungus develops in humans.
A scientific study showed that male nematode worms
lived twice as long when they were biologically altered to prevent sperm loss.
This product looks just like a clay powder, but it contains millions of microscopic nematode worms
, that work against slugs.
The soil swarms with minute nematode worms
, and the seas are home to a floating menagerie of tiny life forms such as diatoms, single-celled algae, and the larvae of countless species of marine animals.
Kenyon reported that she could double the life spans of nematode worms
by removing their germline stem cells--the cells that produce eggs and sperm.
But limited genetic diversity is a potential liability: termites inhabit moist environments teeming with potential bacterial and fungal pathogens, parasites such as nematode worms
, and predatory arthropods such as ants, beetles, scorpions and centipedes.