Nemtsov, Boris Yefimovich

Nemtsov, Boris Yefimovich,

1959–2015, Russian physicist and politician. He worked at the Gorky Radiophysics Research Institute (1981–90) before he was elected to the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies (1990). After the USSR's collapse, he served as governor of the Nizhny Novgorod region (1991–97) and as member of the Federation Council (1993–97). A strong supporter of President Boris YeltsinYeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich
, 1931–2007, Soviet and Russian politician, president of Russia (1991–99). Born in Yekaterinburg (then Sverdlovsk) and educated at the Urals Polytechnic Institute, Yeltsin began his career as a construction worker (1953–68).
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, he was appointed first deputy prime minister and energy minister (1997–98). In 1999 he cofounded the liberal-democratic Union of Right Forces and was elected to the State Duma, becoming its deputy speaker. He served as party leader (2000–2004), then was an economic adviser (2005–6) to Ukrainian president Viktor YushchenkoYushchenko, Viktor Andriyovych,,
1954–, Ukrainian politician, president of Ukraine (2005–10), b. Khoruzhivka, Ukraine. A technocrat trained as an accountant and economist, he rose in Ukraine's banking system under Soviet rule, and after Ukrainian independence he
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. He co-founded (2008) Solidarity, a Russian opposition movement, and in 2012 became co-chairman of the Republican party of Russian–People's Freedom party. A reform-minded liberal and an advocate of a pluralistic political system, he was an outspoken critic of President Vladimir PutinPutin, Vladimir Vladimirovich
, 1952–, Russian government official and political leader, b. Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). After graduating from the Leningrad State Univ.
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. Nemtsov was assassinated days before he was to lead a march protesting the war in Ukraine; a report he had worked on, released after his death, detailed the cost in money and Russian lives of Russia's involvement in Ukraine.
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