Nenets


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nenets

 

a morainic ridge in the Malaia Zemlia Tundra, in the Northern European USSR. It extends in a meridional direction; it rises sharply over a marsh-ridden plain for 130–140 m. There are numerous lakes in the landlocked basins.


Nenets

 

the language of the Nentsi, who inhabit the territory from the Kola Peninsula to the right bank (lower course) of the Enisei.

Nenets belongs to the Samoyedic group of the Uralic family of languages. Nenets is spoken by more than 24,000 persons (1970 census). It is split into two dialects—Tundra and Forest—whose differences are chiefly phonetic. The principal phonetic feature of Tundra Nenets is the presence of two glottal stops (nasalized and nonnasalized). Suffixal agglutination is the basic method of expressing morphological meanings. A number of forms are made by regular sound alternation. Nenets has three numbers—singular, dual, and plural. Forms of declension include possessive person and predestinative person. The verb is characterized by an abundance of aspectual and modal forms, as well as subjective-objective and subjective-objectless conjugations. Postpositions are well developed. The noun in a predicative function is inflected for person, number, and tense. Dependent members precede subordinating members. The predicate usually ends the sentence. A Latin-based Nenets alphabet was created in 1932, as was a Russian-based Nenets alphabet in 1937.

REFERENCE

Tereshchenko, N. M. “Nenetskii iazyk.” In the collection Iazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 3. Moscow, 1966. (Includes references.)

N. M. TERESHCHENKO

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Our expedition team will leave its hi-tech gear behind to wear traditional Nenets clothing, eating as the herders eat and living as part of a close-knit Nenets community.
The development of this project is a significant part of the gas strategy of Rosneft, which will be a majority owner of the venture, management board chairman Igor Sechin noted, adding that through the JV the parties create a strong basis for the effective development of gas fields in the Nenets Autonomous District.
On the other hand, Hajdu gave modern examples about the Nenets negative imperative, all of which were formed only from the stem no(not partly from ni-, ni-) (Hajdu 1968 : 71-72, cf.
There are two distinct groups based on their economy: the Tundra Nenets (living far to the north) and the Khandeyar or Forest Nenets.
We eat half and leave the rest as an offering to the gods." The Nenets fiercely protect their nomadic way of life.
Second, this structure invites cross-cultural comparisons with other Arctic cultures (e.g., Scandinavia's Saami or North America's Yup'ik and Inuit peoples), for the Nenets' struggles against the forces of colonization appear markedly similar to those of other circumpolar inhabitants.
The next four stories deal with Soviet communism's effect on the Nenets. Commissars arrive in the community, demanding the people conform to the new order.
The purpose of this paper is to review Hajdu's account of personal pronouns in Nenets and Enets (1983) and to focus on some peculiar details that are interesting from a wider typological perspective.