Next in order after Gildas, but not until about the year 800, appears a strangely jumbled document, last edited by a certain Nennius, and entitled
It is impossible to decide whether there is really any truth in this account of Nennius, or whether it springs wholly from the imagination of the Britons, attempting to solace themselves for their national overthrow; but it allows us to believe if we choose that sometime in the early sixth century there was a British leader of the name of Arthur, who by military genius rose to high command and for a while beat back the Saxon hordes.
There is a little background to the colourful tale as in 830AD in his work Historia Brittonum, the Welsh monk Nennius
included a list of Arthur's battles, one of which he located at "The City Of The Legion" - which many have taken to be Caerleon.
Keegan said: "The earliest surviving reference to King Arthur is a history book by a monk named Nennius
who lists 12 of Arthur's battles with names like Celidon, Dubglas, Agned and Badon.
The Irish version of the Historia Britonum of Nennius
The fresh scientific research has given added support to the theory mentioned in the Historia Brittonum in which a 9th century chronicler and monk, Nennius
, in Wales, described a rescue.
10) For references to Nennius
, see Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, notes to lines 12, 13, 26, 113, 649, 2448, 2464 on pp.
4) The Historia Britonum, "a miscellaneous collection of historical and topographical information including a description of the inhabitants and invaders of Britain," is generally ascribed to Nennius
, a Welsh antiquarian who between 796 and about 830 compiled it.
Beginning with the work of the Welsh monk Nennius
, and the poets WIlliam Blake and Edmund Spenser, Dixon undertakes an exploration of the alternate history of Britain as imagined through the King Arthur of myth.
He insists that all three military leaders--Bonduca, Nennius
, and he--have joined their soldiers in avoiding confrontations in the past, their forces retreating more timorously than "a virgin [running] from the high sett ravisher" (1.
In one account of Brutus's lineage, Nennius
gives the Trojans European origins, tracing Aeneas's line back to Japheth, Noah's Europe-bound son, who is described as Dardanus's great-grandfather (1980, 63, 22).
O padrao se repete em outros livros de historia, como na Historia Brittonum, de Nennius
, escrita no seculo IX, mas com acrescimos que chegam ate o seculo XIII, em que, no capitulo 10, os bretoes sao apresentados como descendentes de gregos e romanos, pois seu povo descende