Next in order after Gildas, but not until about the year 800, appears a strangely jumbled document, last edited by a certain Nennius, and entitled
It is impossible to decide whether there is really any truth in this account of Nennius, or whether it springs wholly from the imagination of the Britons, attempting to solace themselves for their national overthrow; but it allows us to believe if we choose that sometime in the early sixth century there was a British leader of the name of Arthur, who by military genius rose to high command and for a while beat back the Saxon hordes.
The fresh scientific research has given added support to the theory mentioned in the Historia Brittonum in which a 9th century chronicler and monk, Nennius
, in Wales, described a rescue.
10) For references to Nennius
, see Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, notes to lines 12, 13, 26, 113, 649, 2448, 2464 on pp.
There is a little background to the colourful tale as in 830AD in his work Historia Brittonum, the Welsh monk Nennius
included a list of Arthur's battles one of which he located at "The City Of The Legion" - which many have taken to be Caerleon.
He insists that all three military leaders--Bonduca, Nennius
, and he--have joined their soldiers in avoiding confrontations in the past, their forces retreating more timorously than "a virgin [running] from the high sett ravisher" (1.
In one account of Brutus's lineage, Nennius
gives the Trojans European origins, tracing Aeneas's line back to Japheth, Noah's Europe-bound son, who is described as Dardanus's great-grandfather (1980, 63, 22).
O padrao se repete em outros livros de historia, como na Historia Brittonum, de Nennius
, escrita no seculo IX, mas com acrescimos que chegam ate o seculo XIII, em que, no capitulo 10, os bretoes sao apresentados como descendentes de gregos e romanos, pois seu povo descende
60, Historia Britonum, which was probably written by Nennius
300 years earlier) and Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland, and asserting the origins of the nation in ancient Troy, provides the context for the reading of Edward II.
The first reliable reference to Arthur is in the Historia Brittonum written by the Welsh monk Nennius
around the year 830.
The tourist boards of Cornwall and Somerset have a lot to thank Messrs Nennius
and Geoffrey of Monmouth for.
Cantebrus eventually settles in a place named Caergrant--named by Nennius
as one of the thirty-three oldest fortified towns in Britain (42)--which from then on is named Cantebria after Cantebrus.