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(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Thoughtography is a term for thought photography, coined by Dr. Tomokichi Fukurai, President of the Psychical Institute of Japan. In 1913, he published a book about his experiments with Ikuko Nagao and Chizuko Mifune, attesting to the validity of clairvoyance. This publication brought about his resignation from a professorship at the Imperial University of Tokyo. Fukurai continued working with a number of Japanese mediums and conducted experiments in thought photography. In 1921, he published Clairvoyance and Thoughtography.

Thoughtography has been more recently demonstrated by Ted Serios, working with Dr. Jule Eisenbud. Serios would look into the lens of a Polaroid camera concentrating on a “target” image, the shutter being tripped when he gave the word. The resulting photograph would frequently show the picture that Serios had in his mind.


Eisenbud, Jule: The World of Ted Serios: “Thoughtographic” Studies of an Extraordinary Mind. New York: William Morrow, 1967
Fukurai, Tomokichi: Clairvoyance and Thoughtography. London: Rider, 1931
Shepard, Leslie A: Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology. New York: Avon Books, 1978
Tomorrow see Garrett, Eileen Tongues, Speaking In see Glossolalia