neo-scholasticism

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neo-scholasticism,

philosophical viewpoint, prominent in the 19th and 20th cent., that sought to apply the doctrines of scholasticismscholasticism
, philosophy and theology of Western Christendom in the Middle Ages. Virtually all medieval philosophers of any significance were theologians, and their philosophy is generally embodied in their theological writings.
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 to contemporary political, economic, and social problems. It is often called neo-Thomism for its close links to St. Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas, Saint
[Lat.,=from Aquino], 1225–74, Italian philosopher and theologian, Doctor of the Church, known as the Angelic Doctor, b. Rocca Secca (near Naples).
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, but it is more properly called neo-scholasticism, as the movement encompassed the principles of other scholastics, such as Duns ScotusDuns Scotus, John
[Lat. Scotus=Irishman or Scot], c.1266–1308, scholastic philosopher and theologian, called the Subtle Doctor. A native of Scotland, he became a Franciscan and taught at Oxford, Paris, and Cologne.
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. Jacques MaritainMaritain, Jacques
, 1882–1973, French Neo-Thomist philosopher. He was educated at the Sorbonne and the Univ. of Heidelberg and was much influenced by the philosophy of Henri Bergson.
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 and Étienne GilsonGilson, Étienne
, 1884–1978, French philosopher and historian, b. Paris. He taught the history of medieval philosophy at the Sorbonne (1921–32) and then took the chair of medieval philosophy at the Collège de France.
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 were eminent neo-scholastics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Congar applied neo-Scholastic categories (Aristotle's four causes--efficient, material, formal, and final) to the church.
Nevertheless, McLuhan did contribute seven articles and reviews to the journal between 1937 and 1944, and while none focuses upon writers linked to the revival, his 1938 article entitled "Peter or Peter Pan" asserts the portentous themes that were a staple of Catholic neo-scholastic cultural criticism between the wars: Western civilization has been presented with a choice between Peter (the eternal principles of the Catholic Church) and Peter Pan (the fanciful promises of modern materialist thought).
By placing the Jesuits in the forefront of his neo-Scholastic enterprise, Leo was aligning himself with a group that, whatever its reputation outside Catholicism, was within the Church growing in power, prestige, and numbers.
The council brought to an end, at least for a while, a certain Neo-Scholastic theology associated with the Roman School, which, from the mid-19th century to mid-20th century, was inculcated worldwide through manuals of theology used in seminary training.
In a somewhat different vein, Clara Ginther's essay on Tyrrell identifies the British philosopher's Christocentric conception of pragmatism that "counterbalance[d] the neo-Scholastic emphasis on reason and understanding with the Jamesian emphasis on life and sentiment" (215).
Catholicism this hegemony, within its immigrant ethnic enclaves and universal neo-scholastic philosophical system of knowledge, has slipped away in the post-Vatican II years.
Kraynak discusses six factors that various observers have credited in changing the Christian political concept: Medieval constitutionalism, the Protestant Reformation, neo-Scholastic concepts of sovereignty, the role of the Enlightenment and "religions of reason," the churches' struggles against colonialism, slavery, and industrial exploitation, and the response to twentieth-century totalitarianism.
Pope Gregory, like most bishops shaped by 19th-century neo-scholastic ecclesiology (theory of the church), believed that God had intended both the church and the state to be hierarchical and monarchical in structure.
The journey from colonial thought, through neo-Scholastic and conciliar developments to the creative theology behind Grande's ministry, provides the proper context to assess liberation theology, or contemporary ecclesiology for that matter.
One of the great theological steps forward taken at Vatican II was to replace the Neo-Scholastic model of nature and grace as separate from each other.
As far as organization, he follows the expected chronological arc: monolithic pre-Vatican II era grounded in the confession-obsessed, natural law driven, neo-scholastic manuals of moral theology; the paradigm shift of the Second Vatican Council in the early to mid-1960s; and then a dizzying array of voices, methodologies and perspectives since then.
blends ressourcement and neo-Scholastic thought throughout the volume.