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philosophical viewpoint, prominent in the 19th and 20th cent., that sought to apply the doctrines of scholasticismscholasticism
, philosophy and theology of Western Christendom in the Middle Ages. Virtually all medieval philosophers of any significance were theologians, and their philosophy is generally embodied in their theological writings.
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 to contemporary political, economic, and social problems. It is often called neo-Thomism for its close links to St. Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas, Saint
[Lat.,=from Aquino], 1225–74, Italian philosopher and theologian, Doctor of the Church, known as the Angelic Doctor, b. Rocca Secca (near Naples).
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, but it is more properly called neo-scholasticism, as the movement encompassed the principles of other scholastics, such as Duns ScotusDuns Scotus, John
[Lat. Scotus=Irishman or Scot], c.1266–1308, scholastic philosopher and theologian, called the Subtle Doctor. A native of Scotland, he became a Franciscan and taught at Oxford, Paris, and Cologne.
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. Jacques MaritainMaritain, Jacques
, 1882–1973, French Neo-Thomist philosopher. He was educated at the Sorbonne and the Univ. of Heidelberg and was much influenced by the philosophy of Henri Bergson.
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 and Étienne GilsonGilson, Étienne
, 1884–1978, French philosopher and historian, b. Paris. He taught the history of medieval philosophy at the Sorbonne (1921–32) and then took the chair of medieval philosophy at the Collège de France.
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 were eminent neo-scholastics.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Congar applied neo-Scholastic categories (Aristotle's four causes--efficient, material, formal, and final) to the church.
Notwithstanding these differences, I believe the Austrian and Neo-Scholastic approaches have more in common than Mueller proposes.
(24) These important political and legal principles have deep roots that go back in time to earlier thinkers--especially those from the Catholic Neo-Scholastic tradition such as de Vitoria.
Nevertheless, McLuhan did contribute seven articles and reviews to the journal between 1937 and 1944, and while none focuses upon writers linked to the revival, his 1938 article entitled "Peter or Peter Pan" asserts the portentous themes that were a staple of Catholic neo-scholastic cultural criticism between the wars: Western civilization has been presented with a choice between Peter (the eternal principles of the Catholic Church) and Peter Pan (the fanciful promises of modern materialist thought).
Eliot 94), Eliot had reviewed early neo-Scholastic textbooks and histories in various journals, and claimed to know directly the modern editions of the Summa Theologica and the diverse publications of the English neo-Scholastic Stoneyhurst Philosophical Series.
Heidegger and philosophical atheology; a neo-scholastic critique.
By its very nature it draws upon the neo-scholastic tradition of Gilson and Maritain and the literary tradition of John Henry Newman, C.
Continuing the theme of infinity, Marie-Luce Demonet studies the existence of the idea of "possible worlds" in the "neo-scholastic" movement of the latter half of the sixteenth century.
The narrow vision of Father Leonard Feeney, who claimed there was no salvation outside Catholic walls, and the diatribes of Senator Joe McCarthy were progressively replaced by a kinder, gentler church, by the friendly (though neo-scholastic) persuasion of Fulton Sheen at his TV blackboard, by the literate spirituality of Thomas Merton's Seven Storey Mountain, and by the savvy political realism of Jack Kennedy.
The neo-scholastic paradigm conceived grace as primarily `habitual grace', a created quality present in the human soul.
By placing the Jesuits in the forefront of his neo-Scholastic enterprise, Leo was aligning himself with a group that, whatever its reputation outside Catholicism, was within the Church growing in power, prestige, and numbers.
Philosophers from North America describe the influence of Hume's view; the comparison of the Humean and Aristotelian perspectives; the role of inductive reasoning in science; the Greek account of induction, including that of Socrates, Aristotle, and Euclid; the medieval perspective of Thomas Aquinas; Neo-Scholastic approaches to contemporary issues, such as those of Suarez, as well as Descartes; the historical transition from medieval realism to modern skepticism about the reliability of mental representations of the world; alternative modern approaches associated with Goethe, Lonergan, and American Pragmatism; and objections against contemporary accounts and a wider view of the exercise of intellection that produces the inductive insight.