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philosophical viewpoint, prominent in the 19th and 20th cent., that sought to apply the doctrines of scholasticismscholasticism
, philosophy and theology of Western Christendom in the Middle Ages. Virtually all medieval philosophers of any significance were theologians, and their philosophy is generally embodied in their theological writings.
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 to contemporary political, economic, and social problems. It is often called neo-Thomism for its close links to St. Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas, Saint
[Lat.,=from Aquino], 1225–74, Italian philosopher and theologian, Doctor of the Church, known as the Angelic Doctor, b. Rocca Secca (near Naples).
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, but it is more properly called neo-scholasticism, as the movement encompassed the principles of other scholastics, such as Duns ScotusDuns Scotus, John
[Lat. Scotus=Irishman or Scot], c.1266–1308, scholastic philosopher and theologian, called the Subtle Doctor. A native of Scotland, he became a Franciscan and taught at Oxford, Paris, and Cologne.
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. Jacques MaritainMaritain, Jacques
, 1882–1973, French Neo-Thomist philosopher. He was educated at the Sorbonne and the Univ. of Heidelberg and was much influenced by the philosophy of Henri Bergson.
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 and Étienne GilsonGilson, Étienne
, 1884–1978, French philosopher and historian, b. Paris. He taught the history of medieval philosophy at the Sorbonne (1921–32) and then took the chair of medieval philosophy at the Collège de France.
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 were eminent neo-scholastics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Congar applied neo-Scholastic categories (Aristotle's four causes--efficient, material, formal, and final) to the church.
Mueller's Neo-Scholastic theory is firmly grounded in his understanding of the history of economic thought.
24) These important political and legal principles have deep roots that go back in time to earlier thinkers--especially those from the Catholic Neo-Scholastic tradition such as de Vitoria.
Nevertheless, McLuhan did contribute seven articles and reviews to the journal between 1937 and 1944, and while none focuses upon writers linked to the revival, his 1938 article entitled "Peter or Peter Pan" asserts the portentous themes that were a staple of Catholic neo-scholastic cultural criticism between the wars: Western civilization has been presented with a choice between Peter (the eternal principles of the Catholic Church) and Peter Pan (the fanciful promises of modern materialist thought).
Eliot 94), Eliot had reviewed early neo-Scholastic textbooks and histories in various journals, and claimed to know directly the modern editions of the Summa Theologica and the diverse publications of the English neo-Scholastic Stoneyhurst Philosophical Series.
By its very nature it draws upon the neo-scholastic tradition of Gilson and Maritain and the literary tradition of John Henry Newman, C.
One among many areas that invite further research is the influence of neo-Scholastic thought in the latter sixteenth century.
The neo-scholastic paradigm conceived grace as primarily `habitual grace', a created quality present in the human soul.
Chapter 12: How Neo-Scholastic Economics Explains Our Life Earnings and Spending
By placing the Jesuits in the forefront of his neo-Scholastic enterprise, Leo was aligning himself with a group that, whatever its reputation outside Catholicism, was within the Church growing in power, prestige, and numbers.
The council brought to an end, at least for a while, a certain Neo-Scholastic theology associated with the Roman School, which, from the mid-19th century to mid-20th century, was inculcated worldwide through manuals of theology used in seminary training.
In a somewhat different vein, Clara Ginther's essay on Tyrrell identifies the British philosopher's Christocentric conception of pragmatism that "counterbalance[d] the neo-Scholastic emphasis on reason and understanding with the Jamesian emphasis on life and sentiment" (215).