The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the collective term for a number of trends in American psychology.

Neobehaviorism originated in the 1930’s in the works of C. Hull and E. Tolman. At that time it became apparent that the traditional behaviorism was untenable. According to the neobehaviorists, behavior cannot be fully understood simply in terms of observable stimuli and reactions: the analysis of some central regulatory mechanisms is also necessary. Neobehaviorism introduced mediating variables into the behaviorist stimulus-response scheme. These variables are understood to be aggregates of cognitive and stimulative factors. Apart from invoking the concept of mediating variables, neobehaviorism accepts the general principles of classical behaviorism, including a positivist orientation and the behaviorist tendency to overemphasize the biological view of the human psyche.


Osnovnye napravleniia issledovanii psikhologii myshleniia v kapitalisti cheskikh stranakh. Moscow, 1966.
Iaroshevskii, M. G. Psikhologiia v XX stoletii. Moscow, 1974.
Hull, C. L. Principles of Behavior: An Introduction to Behavior Theory. New York-London, 1943.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In other words, Stephenson recognized Spence's neobehaviorism as dualistic (Lichtenstein, 1959, 2006; on Stephenson's commitment to monism, behaviorism, and interbehaviorism, see, e.g., Brown, 2006; Smith, 2001a, b, pp.
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Classical behaviorism, or respondent conditioning, gave a different explanation from the neobehaviorism or operant conditioning.
Dollard and Miller's synthesis of Psychoanalysis, Social Psychology and Neobehaviorism was creative in the sense that it opened the door to discussion among the military of a condition as deeply-rooted in human nature as fear.
The 44 readings are organized into sections on the philosophical and physiological roots of modern psychology, Wilhelm Wundt and the founding of scientific psychology, origins of scientific psychology in America, structuralism and functionalism, birth of the new applied psychology, psychoanalysis, behaviorism and neobehaviorism, the new profession of psychology, race and gender and the psychology of social change, and cognitive psychology.
Spence (Eds.), Essays in neobehaviorism: A memorial volume to Kenneth W.
neobehaviorism, and cognitivism in learning theory: Historical and contemporary perspectivas.
Yet, following Wittgensteinian neobehaviorism, to use Galen Strawson's term, (13) fancy is not an action at all.
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