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new words or expressions, the newness and unfamiliarity of which are clearly felt by speakers of a given language.

Neologisms are divided into two categories: (1) those that gain wide acceptance in a language, including words that have been recently created from the word-stock of a given language and words that have been recently borrowed from other languages, and (2) those individual-stylistic neologisms coined by a given author.

Neologisms of the first category arise from the need to find new words for new phenomena, for example, lavsan (the Soviet equivalent of Dacron); programmirovanie, “programming”; and NEP, “new economic policy.” Once these words are completely assimilated by the language, they cease to be neologisms, for example, utopia (Sir Thomas More, 16th century) and robot (K. Capek, 20th century).

Neologisms of the second category—individual-stylistic, occasional neologisms—are created by writers in order to achieve certain artistic effects. They are rarely used out of context and do not gain wide currency.

Neologisms are created in a language according to the productive morphological means of the language. In their form, neologisms are similar to words already existing in a language, for example, the Russian zelenokudryi (N. V. Gogol) and gromad’e, molotkastyi (V. V. Mayakovsky).


Reformatskii, A. A. Vvedenie v iazykovedenie, 4th ed. Moscow, 1967. Pages 481–82.


References in periodicals archive ?
Gutierrez Rodilla, "La antineologia de la medicina renacentista en castellano: los textos instructivos y de divulgacion" (41-56), demonstrates that medical texts written for the lower ranks of medical practitioners or the non-specialist reader tended to avoid, insofar as possible, the use of Latin and Greek technical neologisms in favor of the terminology employed in everyday speech.
Two earlier goes at neologisms (06-16; 07-162) had different titles, but since I have two more in waiting I've rechristened those first two retroactively as Funny Words 1 and 2.
With Italian literature no longer the primary model for Standard use, innovations derive mostly from media sources, with neologisms being created daily.
The word immediately established itself in intellectual circles, sparking off a whole series of similar neologisms derived mainly from ethnic nouns or adjectives and designating the peculiar traits of the social group referred to as well as its emancipatory aspirations (cf.
English dictionaries are a hugely competitive business, with each new edition coming crammed with eye-catching neologisms which make you wonder what language we're all speaking in the first place.
Please let us know, since we don't want to left "unbolted" in the wonderful world of neologisms.
I begin to wonder if he is not being led up the garden path by current neologisms.
Some of these compound neologisms sound like they have escaped from a cryptogram.
It gives a concise summary of Agricola's career, briefly outlines the lives of his most important correspondents, and demonstrates his success in fulfilling the humanists' goal of purging Latin of medieval neologisms and usages.
According to the publicity it includes many new words, so Scrabble boards across Britain will soon be filled with neologisms such as Sars, pharming, bada bing, and hacktivists.
I was imagining a full hybridized America in the 21st century and trying to coin all these neologisms to explain what America would look like.
E-commerce: Many Internet neologisms begin with the letter "E," which stands for "electronic," and perhaps the most important of these is "e-commerce.