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polytheistic religious movement, practiced in small groups by partisans of pre-Christian religious traditions such as Egyptian, Greek, Norse, and Celtic. Neopagans fall into two broad categories, nature-oriented and magical groups, and often incorporate arcane and elaborate rituals. Two of the movement's most influential thinkers were Alphonse L. Constant (1810–75) and Gerard Encausse (1865–1916).


See M. Adler, Drawing Down the Moon (1981, rev. ed. 1986); T. M. Luhrman, Pervasions of the Witch's Craft (1989); J. G. Melton and I. Poggi, Magic, Witchcraft, and Paganism in America (1992).

References in periodicals archive ?
39) But we may wonder whether Hythlodaeus's presentation of their religious and social practices indicates merely a generally positive evaluation by More of the good that can be achieved outside Christianity, or is also a critique of humanist attempts to see a revival of learning as necessarily neopagan and perhaps an argument that an apparently ideal and Platonic Utopia must collapse into a self-seeking, self-satisfied, incoherent blend of Stoicizing Christianity with Epicureanism--at least as some of the humanists misunderstood Epicureanism.
Granted, it may remain necessary for another decade or two for some Neopagans to remain in hiding wherever fundamentalist hate is rampant.
Because Neopagans tend to be hidden groups, it is impossible to perform random samplings.
Too, classifying NRMs according to their source material is a risky proposition at best, as religious innovation at the fringe may cover a wide array of inspirations; for example, some neopagans borrow freely from both ancient Norse sagas and Native American traditions.
Get ready, Cuba: Here come the neopagans (New Age religion devotees) and it will soon be time to cash in.
In fact, inclusion of men is very clearly documented in such books as Starhawk's (1999) The Spiral Dance and many others published by and for contemporary neopagans and Goddess worshippers.
From that point on, Neopagans would be included in almost every national or global interfaith event.
That so popular and influential a mega-star as Mel Gibson could be slapped down in such a public manner is intended to serve as a potent warning to others that even the enormous commercial success of The Passion will not deter the neopagans from their militant crusade to de-Christianize American society.
Neopagans and others take this nonliteral and eclectic approach and run with it, freely fusing classical mythologies, tribal spiritual practices, and even popular fiction, all of which would be mutually exclusive if they were regarded as, to borrow a phrase, the Gospel truth.
Rather than diverging from the goddess movement, however, women in Christianity, Judaism, and other established religions have influenced and been influenced (perhaps even nourished) by the neopagans.
Self-identified as neopagans, and dedicated to reviving the ancient nature religions, the women agreed to agree on almost nothing but that the first witch was black, bisexual, a warrior, a wise and strong woman, a midwife, and a leader of the tribe.
Finally, there are the neopagans, who put nature above mankind, worship plants and animals, and consider humans to be outside nature.