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philosophical viewpoint, prominent in the 19th and 20th cent., that sought to apply the doctrines of scholasticismscholasticism
, philosophy and theology of Western Christendom in the Middle Ages. Virtually all medieval philosophers of any significance were theologians, and their philosophy is generally embodied in their theological writings.
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 to contemporary political, economic, and social problems. It is often called neo-Thomism for its close links to St. Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas, Saint
[Lat.,=from Aquino], 1225–74, Italian philosopher and theologian, Doctor of the Church, known as the Angelic Doctor, b. Rocca Secca (near Naples).
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, but it is more properly called neo-scholasticism, as the movement encompassed the principles of other scholastics, such as Duns ScotusDuns Scotus, John
[Lat. Scotus=Irishman or Scot], c.1266–1308, scholastic philosopher and theologian, called the Subtle Doctor. A native of Scotland, he became a Franciscan and taught at Oxford, Paris, and Cologne.
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. Jacques MaritainMaritain, Jacques
, 1882–1973, French Neo-Thomist philosopher. He was educated at the Sorbonne and the Univ. of Heidelberg and was much influenced by the philosophy of Henri Bergson.
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 and Étienne GilsonGilson, Étienne
, 1884–1978, French philosopher and historian, b. Paris. He taught the history of medieval philosophy at the Sorbonne (1921–32) and then took the chair of medieval philosophy at the Collège de France.
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 were eminent neo-scholastics.
References in periodicals archive ?
This work analyses the first undergraduated program of Psychology with the aim of researching the possible influence of the neoescholastic philosophy, and specially neothomism --one of its main trends-- in the background of the teachers of the first psychologists graduated at the Faculty of Sciences of the National University of Cuyo.
The Neoscholastic, and Neothomism, had been born as european philosophical schools by the end of the XIXth century, significantly growing up by the begining of the XXth.
31) The development in question amounts to a recrudescence of Neoplatonism in the very heart of Neothomism, (32) without the excuse of the false authority of the Pseudo-Dionysius.
64) In this, too, Troeltsch seem to follow Thomism, particularly Neothomism as it was developed by Catholic theology in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, rather than Aquinas.