Neottia


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neottia

 

a genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the Orchidaceae family. The rhizome is thickly covered with curved fleshy roots, creating the impression of a bird’s nest. (The Russian word for the genus, gnezdovka, comes from the word for “bird’s nest.”) The stalks and the scalelike leaves are yellowish brown and lack chlorophyll (like saprophytes). The flowers are in a sparse cluster.

There are nine species of Neottia in the temperate zone of Eurasia; of these four are native to the USSR. The most common is the bird’s nest orchid (N. nidus-avis), which grows in the European part, in the Caucasus, and in Siberia in shady coniferous and mixed forests in decomposing forest humus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Regional catalogue of the Comunidad de Madrid is the most ancient of the many catalogues in Spain [115] (Table 18), including only two species--Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich and Neottia nidus-avis (L.) Rich.
Symbiotic germination and development of the myco-heterotrophic orchid Neottia nidus-avis in nature and its requirement for locally distributed Sebacina spp.
r Other species: Neottia nidus-avis, Cardamine impatiens subsp.
Mae 'na rai eraill fel y galdrist rhithiol (Epipogium aphyllum; ghost orchid) a'r tegeirian nyth aderyn (Neottia nidus-avis; bird's-nest orchid) yn tyfu dan goed ffawydd.
Some orchids, like Neottia and Corallorhiza, lack chlorophyll and are unable to photosynthesise.
Other remarkable rare species in the reserve are a buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula), two species of common whitebeam (Sorbus aria), the bird's-nest orchid (Neottia nidus-avis), and the shepherd's cress (Teesdalia nudicaulis).
Communities and populations of sebacinoid basidiomicetes associated with the achlorophyllous orchid Neottia nidusavis (L.) L.C.M.
Con respecto a los hayedos desarrollados sobre suelos de pH ligeramente acido a neutro (5,21-7,14), en ellos se observa una combinacion floristica peculiar en la que destaca la elevada frecuencia de aparicion que se registra en especies como Neottia nidus-avis, Ornithogalum pyrenaicum, Corydalis cava, Primula acaulis, Helleborus foetidus, Hyacinthoides non-scripta o Polystichum setiferum (Tabla 3, invs.