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Related to Nepali: Nepali language


the official language of Nepal, also spoken in Sikkim and parts of India. It forms the E group of Pahari and belongs to the Indic branch of Indo-European



(1) The name for all citizens of Nepal.

(2) The self-designation common among the peoples of Nepal for those who joined the Gurkha confederation and were gradually consolidated into a single people, now accounting for about half of the country’s population. They speak Nepali. (For the history, economy, and culture of the Nepali, see.)



(also Gurkhali or Khas-Kura), the language of the Nepali, and also the official language of Nepal; it is also spoken in India (the city of Darjeeling and several other regions in Assam State; also in the northwestern regions), Sikkim, and Bhutan. Nepali is spoken by more than 7 million people (more than 6 million speakers in Nepal, 1971 census; more than 800,000 in India). Nepali belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is divided into four dialects: Central, or Standard, Nepali; Eastern Nepali; Western Nepali; and the dialect of the foothills of the Himalayas.

The phonological features of Nepali include the presence of long and short vowels, opposition of pure (nonnasalized) and nasalized vowels, and the presence of retroflex consonants. The structure is analytic-synthetic, with a predominance of analytism. Words derived from Sanskrit are the basis of the vocabulary. Grammatical features include masculine and feminine gender of nouns (the masculine gender also includes inanimate objects) and two types of case forms, nominative and postpositional. There is also an ergative-postpositional subject. The verb has synthetic and analytic impersonal forms and five moods (optative, suppositional subjunctive, irrealis, and so on). Verb forms are combined to express intensity, duration of action, and other features. In composite sentences, the subordinate clause precedes the main clause. Nepali uses the Devanagari, or Nagari, script. The first written text dates from 1337. Since the early 19th century, a literary language has been developing from the central dialect.


Zograf, G. A. Iazyki Indii, Pakistana, Tseilona i Nepala. Moscow, 1960.
Korolev, N. I. Iazyk Nepala. Moscow, 1965. (Includes bibliography.) Nepal’sko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1968. Pages 1211–1328.
Srivastava, Dayanand. Nepali Language: Its History and Development. Calcutta, 1962.
Turner, R. L. A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of the Nepali Language. New York, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
India has halted the export of petroleum products and basic commodities to Nepal, resulting in an artificial shortage of these commodities and giving a lot of problems to the Nepali people over the past two weeks.
In Koshikhet village, a US civilian team was using a drone to search for the missing Marine Corps UH-1Y, or Huey as the model is better known, which was carrying six Marines and two Nepali soldiers.
It has been organised by Shukran Workers in collaboration with the Non-Resident Nepali Association (NRNA-NCC) in the UAE.
Meanwhile, people can donate to the Nepali Prime Minister Disaster Relief Fund at Everest Bank Ltd (account number 0101102200012 or 00100105200270); Global Bank Ltd (account number 0411010000005); Nepal Bangladesh Bank Ltd (account number 035141C); Nepal Bank Ltd, Kathmandu (account number 002-11-053313); and Standard Chartered Bank Nepal Ltd (account number 01-0132438-01).
250,000 to The Asia Foundation for grants to local Nepali partners responding to longer-term rebuilding efforts, with a special focus on psychosocial and education support for marginalized and vulnerable communities
He cited lack of education and technical skills as the main causes, adding that 55 percent of Nepali migrant workers deaths in Qatar are from "sudden" cardiac arrest while 20% die from work-related accidents and 10 percent commit suicide.
Foreign Minister Mahendra Bahadur Pandey, who led the Nepali side in the talks said, During the talks, the Chinese side asked us to conduct a feasibility study if Nepal wants the network expanded into its territory.
THE PURPOSE OF MASKS Nepali masks can be divided into three categories.
The doctors have diagnosed the PM with tuberculosis, not cancer, and have told him that it can be cured quite easily," said Dilendra Prasad Badu, spokesman for the ruling Nepali Congress party.
New York, May 2 ( ANI ): Human Rights Watch said in a letter on Friday, that the Nepali Government's denial of mistreatment of Tibetans on its territory is not supported by facts.
Many Nepali leaders have tried their luck in being associated with Mandela, who has been a role model in the country, with many of his policies being adapted by the Asian nation.
The apex bank said that Nepali citizens working in international organisations and maintaining foreign currency accounts in Nepali banks can withdraw up to USD10,000 at a time, and up to USD20,000 in a year, to purchase authorised goods and for tourism, education and health.