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Related to Nepali: Nepali language


the official language of Nepal, also spoken in Sikkim and parts of India. It forms the E group of Pahari and belongs to the Indic branch of Indo-European



(1) The name for all citizens of Nepal.

(2) The self-designation common among the peoples of Nepal for those who joined the Gurkha confederation and were gradually consolidated into a single people, now accounting for about half of the country’s population. They speak Nepali. (For the history, economy, and culture of the Nepali, see.)



(also Gurkhali or Khas-Kura), the language of the Nepali, and also the official language of Nepal; it is also spoken in India (the city of Darjeeling and several other regions in Assam State; also in the northwestern regions), Sikkim, and Bhutan. Nepali is spoken by more than 7 million people (more than 6 million speakers in Nepal, 1971 census; more than 800,000 in India). Nepali belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is divided into four dialects: Central, or Standard, Nepali; Eastern Nepali; Western Nepali; and the dialect of the foothills of the Himalayas.

The phonological features of Nepali include the presence of long and short vowels, opposition of pure (nonnasalized) and nasalized vowels, and the presence of retroflex consonants. The structure is analytic-synthetic, with a predominance of analytism. Words derived from Sanskrit are the basis of the vocabulary. Grammatical features include masculine and feminine gender of nouns (the masculine gender also includes inanimate objects) and two types of case forms, nominative and postpositional. There is also an ergative-postpositional subject. The verb has synthetic and analytic impersonal forms and five moods (optative, suppositional subjunctive, irrealis, and so on). Verb forms are combined to express intensity, duration of action, and other features. In composite sentences, the subordinate clause precedes the main clause. Nepali uses the Devanagari, or Nagari, script. The first written text dates from 1337. Since the early 19th century, a literary language has been developing from the central dialect.


Zograf, G. A. Iazyki Indii, Pakistana, Tseilona i Nepala. Moscow, 1960.
Korolev, N. I. Iazyk Nepala. Moscow, 1965. (Includes bibliography.) Nepal’sko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1968. Pages 1211–1328.
Srivastava, Dayanand. Nepali Language: Its History and Development. Calcutta, 1962.
Turner, R. L. A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of the Nepali Language. New York, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
But our focus here is on the change he and others expect the Nepali Congress to undergo.
Folk dances were performed by the Nepali community on the first day.
As of now the Nepali Congress will shorten its distance to be the second largest party in the parliament with the seats which it will gain from the PR system if we go on party basis as the merger between the UML is MC is yet to take," Ashok Poudel, a local journalist covering the election - 2017 told ANI.
To stymie the strides of emerging Left Alliance, the Nepali Congress, RJPN, both factions of the Rashtriya Prajatantra Party, the Sanghiya Samajbadi Forum-Nepal and the Nepal Loktantrik Forum have decided to close their ranks, and form Democratic Alliance (DA) for the coming electoral round.
TunesNepal has songs of more than 1500 Nepali artists.
1971-1972: The demand to include the Nepali language in the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution gains momentum.
Thirdly, Ghimire said, the Oli government must work to fully implement the new constitution as expected by the Nepali people.
It has been organised by Shukran Workers in collaboration with the Non-Resident Nepali Association (NRNA-NCC) in the UAE.
Media attention about his case and his contribution to Nepali cricket allowed him to get the certificate under the 'distinguished personality' provision of Nepal's citizenship laws.
The three accused Momin, Bhujel and Nepali had challenged the lower court decision in the High Court.
The US used to be the largest buyer of Nepali garments and pashmina but after the quota phase out, export of both the products has dropped by more than half, said President of Garment Association - Nepal Uday Raj Pandey.
Tilak Bahadur Thapa Magar, a Nepali national has been convicted of spying, was given clemency on Kathmandu's request.