Nepotism

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Nepotism

 

the practice whereby the popes gave profitable offices, high church positions, and land to their relatives (primarily their sons) to secure their own power. Nepotism was especially widespread in the 15th and 16th centuries. It led to the elevation of powerful families that were relatives of the popes (the Borghese, Ludovisi, Borgias, and others). In Russian the term nepotizm has become a common noun that is a synonym for kumovstvo.