Nerium


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Nerium

 

a genus of plants of the family Apocynaceae. They are tall evergreen shrubs. The narrow, leathery, lanceolate leaves are opposite or in whorls of three or four. The flowers, which are bright, large, and five-parted, are in terminal corymbose inflorescences. The corolla is pink, red, white, or yellow. The fruits are many-seeded follicles. There are three species, distributed in the Mediterranean region and subtropical Asia. All species are decorative. The most widely cultivated species is the oleander (N. oleander). It is grown in the USSR on the southern Crimean coast, on the Black Sea shore of the Caucasus, in Transcaucasia, and in the southern regions of Middle Asia. In other regions of the USSR, the oleander is raised only as a house plant. There are many garden forms, which vary in the doubleness and coloration of flowers. The entire plant is poisonous and contains a number of cardiac glycosides (oleandrin, cornerin). Preparations obtained from the leaves—neriolin and cornerin—are used in solutions and tablets to treat various cardiovascular disorders.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 6. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
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This year, Nerium launched a new charitable organization called the
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Three new cardenolides from methanol extract of stems and twigs of Nerium oleander.
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This is an extract of the attractive shrub Nerium oleander L.
Darren Raven, Colchester, Essex neriUM oleander 2makes a great patio plant, if, in winter, you have somewhere to house it with warm, dry conditions like its native north Africa, Asia and the Med.
Nature lover Reza Khan said nerium oleander which grows in the wet wadi beds of the Hajar mountains is very poisonous and contains toxins like oleandrin and neriine which are cardiac glycosides.
No se observaron cambios significativos en los diferentes organos vegetales que dificulten la identificacion de ambas especies, lo que permite concluir que la micrografia constituye una herramienta valiosa como metodo de diagnostico complementario para confirmar las intoxicaciones producidas por plantas, permitiendo en este caso en particular la diferenciacion entre Nerium oleander, especie muy toxica, y Eucalyptus camaldulensis, vegetal inocuo.
Gymnosporia royleana, Carissa spinarum, Adhatoda visita, Pistaria inegerrima, Nerium oleander, Otostegtct limbata.