Nero

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Nero

(Nero Claudius Caesar) (nēr`ō), A.D. 37–A.D. 68, Roman emperor (A.D. 54–A.D. 68). He was originally named Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus and was the son of Cnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (consul in A.D. 32) and of Agrippina the YoungerAgrippina the Younger,
d. A.D. 59, Roman matron; daughter of Germanicus Caesar and Agrippina the Elder. By her first husband, Cneius Domitius Ahenobarbus, she was the mother of Nero.
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, who was the great-granddaughter of Augustus. Agrippina married (A.D. 49) Claudius IClaudius I
(Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus) , 10 B.C.–A.D. 54, Roman emperor (A.D. 41–A.D. 54), son of Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus and thus nephew of Tiberius. When Caligula was murdered (A.D.
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 and persuaded him to adopt Nero. In A.D. 55, Agrippina saw the bonds of her domination of Nero loosening and intrigued in favor of Claudius' son, Britannicus, but Nero poisoned the boy. Poppaea SabinaPoppaea Sabina
, d. A.D. 65, Roman empress, wife of Nero. While married to Otho, her second husband, she became mistress of Nero, whom she finally married in A.D. 62. She had great influence over Nero, inducing him to have his mother (Agrippina the Younger), his former wife
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, the wife of his friend OthoOtho, Marcus Salvius
, A.D. 32–A.D. 69, Roman emperor (Jan.–April, A.D. 69). He was a friend of Nero, and his wife, Poppaea Sabina, became Nero's mistress; Otho was repaid (A.D. 58) with the province of Lusitania. In A.D.
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, became his mistress; according to rumor she was to blame for the worst of Nero's behavior. In A.D. 59 he murdered his mother and in A.D. 62, his wife Octavia. He later married Poppaea. When half of Rome was burned in a fire (A.D. 64), Nero accused the Christians of starting it and began the first Roman persecution. In A.D. 65 there was a plot to make Caius Calpurnius Piso emperor. The detection of this plot began a string of violent deaths, e.g., of Seneca, Lucan, and Thrasea Paetus. Nero had ambitions to be a poet and artist. In A.D. 68 a series of revolts, including one by his own Praetorian Guard, caused him to commit suicide. Among his last words were, "What an artist the world is losing in me!" His memory was publicly execrated.

Bibliography

See biography by M. Griffin, Nero: The End of a Dynasty (1985).

Nero

 

(Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus). Born A.D. 37; died 68. Roman emperor from 54, of the Julio-Claudian dynasty.

In the first years of his reign Nero ruled in concert with the Senate and was guided by Burrus, prefect of the praetorian guard, and by the philosopher Seneca. Later he instituted a policy of repressions and confiscations, which angered not only the senatorial elite (Piso’s conspiracy of A.D. 65) but other strata as well. Among Nero’s victims were his closest relatives, including his mother, and many such prominent people as Seneca, the poet Lucan, and the writer Petronius. In 68 the provincial governors Vindex and Galba rebelled against Nero. Abandoned even by the praetorians, Nero fled Rome and en route committed suicide. Historical sources portray Nero as narcissistic, cruel, and debauched, more engrossed in his “artistic” pursuits than in affairs of state, which he entrusted to his freedmen and court favorites.


Nero

 

(also Lake Rostov), a lake in Yaroslavl Oblast, RSFSR. It has an area of 54.4 sq km, a length of approximately 13 km, and a width of up to 8 km. Its depth averages 1–1.3 m; the maximum depth is 3.6 m. The bottom is covered with a thick layer of sapropel. Lake Nero is fed mainly by snow. The water level fluctuates by 3.2 m, with the highest levels occurring in April and May, and the lowest in October. The lake freezes in late October or in November; the ice breaks up in April. A total of 18 tributaries empty into the lake, the largest being the Sara River. Flow from Lake Nero is regulated by a dam with a sluice at the source of the Kotorosl’ River (a tributary of the Volga). There is local navigation on the lake and fishing for European bream, perch (Perca fluviatilis), and pike. The city of Rostov (Iaroslavskii) is on Lake Nero.

Nero

coarse, conceited, brutal emperor of Rome (37–68). [Polish Lit.: Quo Vadis, Magill I, 797–799]

Nero

(A.D. 37–68) hated as Roman emperor; led life of debauchery. [Rom. Hist.: NCE, 1909]

Nero

(37–68) Roman Emperor who is reported to have fiddled while Rome burned. [Rom. Hist.: Misc.]

Nero

(37–68) demented Roman emperor; initiated persecutions against the Christians. [Rom. Hist.: NCE, 1909]

Nero

(37–68) emperor said to have fiddled while Rome burned (64). [Rom. Hist.: Misc.]
See: Violin

Nero

full name Nero Claudius Caesar Drusus Germanicus; original name Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus. 37--68 ad, Roman emperor (54--68). He became notorious for his despotism and cruelty, and was alleged to have started the fire (64) that destroyed a large part of Rome
References in periodicals archive ?
The disagreement as to the date of the writing of First Peter is rather important, for if Peter wrote, "show proper respect to everyone: Love the brotherhood of believers, fear God, honor the emperor," (101) before the Neronian persecution began, then one could argue that a Christian's duty to honor the king ended when the persecution began.
In fact, getting up on the stage of this compressed world is implicitly a call to the power of organization, of realization of the connection between the self and the world, between the Neronian self-repressed by the immediate otherness of the world the palace and machinery of the power, respectively the proliferation of differences, disguises and masks from the oriental props.
Assuming, but not conceding, that Petronius was a master of dissimulatio vel vitiorum imitatione who feigned vice while secretly mocking Nero, could the Cena be seen as a direct attack on the Neronian Age?
As Pontus was annexed in 64, speculation runs rampant about a planned Neronian take-over of the Bosporan Kingdom.
Roma Gill, Jones, and William Godshalk ignited some interest in Marlowe's use of Lucan, but since the 1970s few critics have noted the Neronian poet's influence on English literature before Shakespeare.
22) The sleazy ostentation of commemoration so typical of the Neronian age is reinforced in Martin Lister's edition of Apicius' recipe for "Sucking-pig a la Celsinus," where Lister appends "The Porker's Last Will and Testament" by Peter Lambeck (1628-1680): M.
GIVEN TWEED'S ENERGY and ingenuity, not to mention his ability to turn a phrase, his penchant for extravagance, his meteoric rise and abrupt downfall, and the Neronian scale of his corruption, any book on him ought to be welcome.
He then demonstrates that the interpretation of ancient sources is a difficult and complex task by analyzing the accounts of four notorious Neronian episodes: Claudius' death, the wooing of Poppaea Sabina, the fiddling while Rome burned, and the emperor's dying words.
The second essay, by Katherine Owen Eldred, concerns a specific episode in another Neronian work, this time Lucan's Bellum Civile.
The word itself derives from "grotta," the Italian word for "cave," and first referenced the discovery during the Renaissance of Neronian palace ruins heavily decorated, in the late-Roman style, with paintings "characterized by surprising hybridities--bizarre fusions of plant, animal, and human forms.
Opicius' assertions about his youth and incapacity parallel quite closely, for example, the conclusion of the Neronian Laus Pisonis 246-61.
Secondly in the Satyricon, there is Petronius's creation of the epic poetry and the poetic criticism of the old fraud Eumolpus who offers a view and a sample (at some length) of Neronian poetry--the target here is Lucan--in a way still not understood.