Nestor Iskander

Nestor Iskander

 

(Nestor Aleksandr). Years of birth and death unknown. Russian writer of the second half of the 15th century.

In his youth, Nestor Iskander found himself in Turkey, where he was converted to Islam. In 1453 he took part in the capture of Constantinople by the Turks. Remaining a secret Christian, he sympathized with the besieged Greeks. In his Tale of the Seizure of Tsar’grad, Nestor Iskander expounded the idea that Byzantium as a power had completed its development and that its fall had been foretold in a legend linked to the founding of Tsar’grad (Constantinople) concerning a struggle between a snake and an eagle (Islam and Christianity). Referring to the same legend, he also predicted the future appearance of a “light-brown-haired (rusyi) tribe,” which would rescue Tsar’grad from its captors. In the tale skillful use is made of the style of the military tale.

REFERENCES

Povest’ o Tsar’grade .... St. Petersburg, 1886. (Pamiatniki drevnei pis’mennosti i iskusstva, vol. 62.)
Speranskii, M. N. “Povesti i skazaniia o vziatii Tsar’grada turkami (1453) ν russkoi pis’mennosti XVI-XVII vv.” Trudy Otdela drevnerusskoi literatury, 1954, vol. 10.
References in periodicals archive ?
La condicion para mantener este sitial de privilegio espiritual sera el apego irrestricto a la fe ortodoxa, pues, segun insiste el Relato de Nestor Iskander y numerosos otros textos rusos, la calda de Constantinopla habria sido consecuencia directa de su apostasia en el Concilio de Ferrara-Florencia al haber abandonado la Ortodoxia por motivos politicos: "Y tu [Constantinopla], como un demente, le das la espalda a la gracia y la generosidad divina y te dedicas a la fechoria e injusticia".
Entre los relatos que difundieron la terrible noticia que corrio como la polvora por toda Rusia, destaca el de Nestor Iskander, el cual fue profusamente copiado, y cuya traduccion y estudio ha presentado la profesora Matilde Casas.