Nefertiti

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Nefertiti

(nĕf'ərtē`tē) or

Nefretete

(nĕf'rĕtē`tē), fl. c.1372–1350 B.C., queen of ancient Egypt; wife of IkhnatonIkhnaton
or Akhenaton
[Egyptian,=Aton is satisfied], d. c.1354 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (c.1372–1354 B.C.), of the XVIII dynasty; son and successor of Amenhotep III. His name at his accession was Amenhotep IV, but he changed it to honor the god Aton.
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 (XVIII dynasty) and aunt of TutankhamenTutankhamen
or Tutenkhamon
, fl. c.1350 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty. He was the son-in-law of Ikhnaton and succeeded to the throne after a brief reign by Ikhnaton's successor.
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. She seems to have been divorced by Ikhnaton late in his reign. The exquisite limestone bust of Nefertiti (Berlin Mus.) has given rise to the tradition that she was one of the most beautiful women of antiquity.

Nefertiti

 

(in Old Egyptian, “the beauty is coming”), Egyptian queen of the late 15th and early 14th centuries B.C.; the wife of Amenhotep IV (Ikhnaton) and possibly his stepsister.

Nefertiti probably helped to implement her husband’s religious reforms; after the reforms, her name was changed to Nefer-Neferu-Aton (“wondrous are the beauties of Aton”). In 1912 the studio of the sculptor Thutmes was unearthed at Tell El-Amarna; the studio contained busts of Nefertiti, which are now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo and the state museums of Berlin.

REFERENCE

Mat’e, M. E. Vo vremena Nefertiti. [Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.]

Nefertiti

, Nofretete
14th century bc, Egyptian queen; wife of Akhenaton