Born Dec. 12, 1890, in Ermschwerd; died Feb. 5, 1945, in Brandenburg. A leader of the German labor movement.
Neubauer was a teacher by profession. He was a member of the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany from 1918 to 1920 and then joined the Communist Party of Germany (CPG). He was a deputy to the Landtag of Thuringia from 1921 to 1923 and to the German Reichstag from 1924 to 1933. In 1933, when the fascists came to power, he was placed in a concentration camp. After his release in 1939, Neubauer headed a clandestine antifascist organization in Thuringia, which soon became one of the largest in the country. He was a member of the central operational underground leadership of the CPG. Neubauer was arrested by the Gestapo in July 1944 and later executed.