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Neue Galerie[Ger.,=New Gallery], museum in New York City, specializing in early 20th-century fine and decorative art from Germany and Austria; est. 2001. One of the relatively small museum's two galleries is devoted to Austrian work, e.g., art by Gustav KlimtKlimt, Gustav
, 1862–1918, Austrian painter. He cofounded the Vienna Secession group, an alliance against 19th-century eclecticism in art, and in 1897 became its first president. In the following decade Klimt became the foremost painter of art nouveau in Vienna.
..... Click the link for more information. , Egon SchieleSchiele, Egon
, 1890–1918, Austrian expressionist painter and draftsman, studied Vietta Academy of Fine Arts. Influenced by the French impressionists, then by Gustav Klimt, Schiele developed a taut, linear style, emphasizing attenuated anatomical structure in drawings and
..... Click the link for more information. , and Oskar KokoschkaKokoschka, Oskar
, 1886–1980, Austrian expressionist painter and writer. After teaching at the art academy in Dresden (1920–24), Kokoschka traveled extensively in Europe and N Africa.
..... Click the link for more information. and design by Josef HoffmannHoffmann, Josef,
1870–1956, Austrian architect. A student of Otto Wagner, he was a leader of Austrian decoration in the first three decades of the 20th cent. His sophisticated compositions, based on rectangles and squares, with delicate ornamental trimming, can best be
..... Click the link for more information. and Otto WagnerWagner, Otto
, 1841–1918, Austrian architect. A structural rationalism was exhibited in his stations for the Vienna city railroad, built in the 1890s. His later works, showing an individual and monumental style, include the Vienna Postal Savings Building and the Steinhof
..... Click the link for more information. . The other gallery features the art of various German movements, e.g., Der Blaue ReiterBlaue Reiter, der
[Ger.,=the blue rider], German expressionist art movement, lasting from 1911 to 1914. It took its name from a painting by Kandinsky, Le cavalier bleu.
..... Click the link for more information. , Die BrückeBrücke, Die
[Ger.,=the bridge], German expressionist art movement, lasting from 1905 to 1913. Influenced by the art of Jugendstil (the German equivalent of art nouveau), Van Gogh, and the primitive sculpture of Africa and the South Seas, the Brücke
..... Click the link for more information. , and the BauhausBauhaus
, artists' collective and school of art and architecture in Germany (1919–33). The Bauhaus revolutionized art training by combining the teaching of classic arts with the study of crafts.
..... Click the link for more information. , and German decorative art. The Neue Galerie was founded by art dealer Serge Sabarsky and cosmetics magnate Ronald S. Lauder, whose personal collections form the basis of its permanent collection.