Neural Tube


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Related to Neural Tube: neural plate, neural tube formation

neural tube

[′nu̇r·əl ′tüb]
(embryology)
The embryonic tube that differentiates into brain and spinal cord.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neural Tube

 

the rudiment of the central nervous system in chordate animals and man. The neural tube is formed from the neural plate during neurulation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This, in turn, leads to healthy neural tube development.
It said there was no evidence of an infant born with neural tube defects due to use of DTG during pregnancy.
Ms Motshegwa said currently, monitoring with regards to the uptake of the medication was continuing because only four cases of neural tube defects have been identified out of the 426 women who were taking DTG before they became pregnant from an ongoing study that is conducted by Botswana Harvard Partnership.
"There is substantial evidence that increased intake of folic acid reduces the risk of neural tube defects occurring in pregnancy...
(4) If the neural tube in the spine does not fully close during the prenatal period the spinal cord is left unprotected, which may result in protrusion of part of the contents of the spinal canal through the opening.
The supplementation with inositol of mouse embryo cultures exposed to an excess of glucose was shown to reduce the incidence of neural tube defects, normalizing the closure of the anterior neural tube.
More recent efforts by our group ("Spina Bifida: A 10-Year Retrospective Study at University of Malaya Medical Centre, Malaysia," manuscript in submission), however, have found that the lower rate of NTDs may not be completely representative as in our hospital alone from the years 2003 to 2012 we have had over 10 cases of neural tube defects per year (spina bifida and anencephaly).
The embryonic neural plate and neural tube are formed from neuroepithelial (NE) cells.
One of the early studies showing the promise of folic acid beyond neural tube defects was published in 1996.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recent report updating the estimated number of neural tube defects prevented by folic acid fortification of enriched cereal grain products clearly shows the huge impact of fortification: From 1999 through 2011, fortification prevented neural tube defects in about 1,300 births a year in the United States (MMWR 2015;64:1-5).
INTRODUCTION: Neural tube defect by definition is failure of neural tube to close during embryogenesis.