neurite

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neurite

[′nu̇‚rīt]
(anatomy)
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The length of neurites was measured using NeuronJ software (Meijering et al.
Several years ago, researchers discovered that a molecule named NCAM (neural cell adhesion molecule) constitutes one of the glues that can hold neurites together.
As is well-known, L1 is [an important cell adhesion protein] effective in improving neurite outgrowth and fasciculation (involuntary contracting or twitching of muscle fibers), neuron survival and migration, neuron adhesion as well as synaptic plasticity, and considered to be a potential molecule for nerve regeneration and neurodegenerative diseases.
The disruption of these glycoproteins has been implicated as a contributor to the altered brain morphogenesis observed in animal models, because the N-CAMs play a key role in cell--cell interactions such as neurite outgrowth and regulation of synaptic contacts (Shi et al.
The protein/DNA ratio was calculated as an index of cell size, and the membrane/total protein ratio was used to assess the rise in membrane complexity that accompanies neurite outgrowth during neurodifferentiation.
UMP supplementation in animals not only increases the synthesis of those vital proteins and phospholipids, but it actually helps stimulate production of neurotransmitters and of the tiny but critical cell outgrowths called neurites (63) that are themselves formed and then remodeled in the process of learning (64-66) and of cell repair.
Fixed onto laboratory dishes, these neurons will ordinarily grow neurites, the progenitors of axons.
Using an inverted light microscope at 320x magnification, we scored for the percentage of cells expressing neurites and determined average neurite length.
Uridine also enhances the growth of neurites, which are projections from nerve cells that facilitate the cells' connections with other brain cells.
The transgenic mice have previously emulated certain features of the Alzheimer's disease brain, including an age-dependent formation of amyloid plaques and dystrophic neurites.
Importantly, this product has also been shown to restore levels of proteins that are altered in the ageing brain, returning them to levels observed in the young, causing beneficial outgrowth and branching of neurites.
5S murine NGF (Invitrogen); each culture was examined under a microscope to verify the subsequent outgrowth of neurites.