Neuroptera


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Related to Neuroptera: order Neuroptera

Neuroptera

[nu̇′räp·tə·rə]
(invertebrate zoology)
An order of delicate insects having endopterygote development, chewing mouthparts, and soft bodies.

Neuroptera

 

(also Planipennia), an order of predatory insects having complete metamorphosis. The body length is 2–20 mm, and the wingspread reaches 120 mm. The mouthparts are formed for chewing. There are two pairs of almost identical transparent and reticulate wings. In larvae the mouthparts are formed for piercing and sucking: the sickle-shaped mandibles have a furrow, and the maxillae serve to pierce the prey and suck its blood. Digestion is external.

There are about 4,500 species, distributed principally in the tropics. Insemination with spermatophores is characteristic. Neuropterans develop in soil (families Dilaridae and Itonidae); on plants (Hemorobiidae and Chrysopidae); in colonies of ticks, coccids, and whiteflies (Coniopterygidae); in water near the shore (Osmylidae); or in the cavities of freshwater sponges (Sisyridae). The larvae of neuropterans with prehensile legs (Mantispidae) develop in the egg cocoons of spiders. Tropical species of the family Nemopteridae have greatly elongated hind wings; the larvae have a very long mesothorax. Large species of the family Ascalaphidae are found principally in the tropics (in the USSR, only in the south). They catch their prey in flight, and the larvae live on the soil surface. The larvae of Myrme-leontidae dig funnels in the sand, where they lie in wait for prey. Neuropterans are known from the Permian. Many species are beneficial, because they destroy orchard and forest pests.

REFERENCES

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Traité de zoologie, vol. 10, fasc. 1. Edited by P.-P. Grasse. Paris, 1951.

M. S. GILIAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
More recently, investigations with other groups of insects, such as Orthoptera, Coleoptera, and now Neuroptera (e.
Among arthropods insects belonged to the orders Orthoptera Hemiptera Coleoptera Diptera Hymenoptera Neuroptera and Lepidoptera (89.
insectos capturados Coccinellidae Morfoespecie 1 4 Morfoespecie 2 8 Scolytidae Morfoespecie 1 * 37 Coleoptera Curculionidae Morfoespecie 1 4 Nitidulidae Morfoespecie 1 2 Bruchidae Morfoespecie 1 * 2 Cisididae Morfoespecie 1 * 1 Chrysomelidae Morfoespecie 1 4 Diptera Tephritidae Morfoespecie 1 2 Drosophilidae Morfoespecie 1 * 39 Aphididae Morfoespecie 1 * 28 Hemiptera Membracidae Morfoespecie 1 * 13 Neuroptera Chrysopidae Morfoespecie 1 13 Hymenoptera Braconidae Morfoespecie 1 15 Morfoespecie 2 11 Morfoespecie 3 12 Ichneumonidae Morfoespecie 1 17 Morfoespecie 2 18 Morfoespecie 3 2 Perilampidae Morfoespecie 1 10 Chalcidae Morfoespecie 1 1 Formicidae Morfoespecie 1 52 Chrysididae Morfoespecie 1 2 TOTAL 18 23 297 * Familias en comun presente para el Lote A y para el Lote B.
La categoria otros agrupo Hymenoptera, Delphacidae, Enicocephalidae, Pseudococcidae Lepidoptera, Neuroptera, Scolopendromorpha y Thysanoptera.
Orthoptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera and Araneae made up 72% of the prey diet, the remaining 28% being mainly Isoptera, Dictyoptera, Diptera, Neuroptera, Odonata, Lepidoptera and Dermaptera.
Losses are not greater due mainly to predators of the orders Araneae, Neuroptera, Coleoptera and Hymenoptera (SANTOS et al.
externa are generalist predators, feeding on insects considered to be agricultural pests, aphids, scale insects (Monophlebidae, Pseudococcidae, Eriococcidae, Coccidae, Diaspididae), spittlebug (Cercopidae, Cicadellidae, Membracidae, Fulgoridae), whiteflies (Aleyrodidae), psyllids (Psyllidae), thrips (Thysanoptera), eggs and larvae of Lepidoptera, mites (Tetranychidae, Eriophyidae), beetles, Diptera and others insects of Neuroptera order (Freitas, 2002).
Dicha labor prosiguio en los anos subsecuentes con salidas de campo a recoger mariposas y, de paso, conseguir material adicional para la coleccion que actualmente sobrepasa los 1600 especimenes pertenecientes a los ordenes: Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Homoptera, Orthoptera, Dyctioptera, Neuroptera, Megaloptera y Odonata (ver ejemplo anexo).
Proportion of species of Neuroptera, Psocoptera, Coleoptera, Collembola, and Araneae were higher, and proportion of species of Homoptera, Hemiptera, and Diptera were lower in S.
saccharivora are mentioned several species of insects: egg parasitoids (two species of Hymenoptera); nymphs and adults parasitoids (one species of Hymenoptera and one species of Strepsiptera) (Guagliumi, 1953; Teran, 1980; Giraldo-Vanegas et al, 2004); predators of eggs, nymphs and adults (one species of Diptera, six of Coleoptera, five of Neuroptera, three of Hemiptera, one species each of Dermaptera and Orthoptera), and the pathogen fungii Metarrhizium sp.