Neuroptera


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Related to Neuroptera: order Neuroptera

Neuroptera

[nu̇′räp·tə·rə]
(invertebrate zoology)
An order of delicate insects having endopterygote development, chewing mouthparts, and soft bodies.

Neuroptera

 

(also Planipennia), an order of predatory insects having complete metamorphosis. The body length is 2–20 mm, and the wingspread reaches 120 mm. The mouthparts are formed for chewing. There are two pairs of almost identical transparent and reticulate wings. In larvae the mouthparts are formed for piercing and sucking: the sickle-shaped mandibles have a furrow, and the maxillae serve to pierce the prey and suck its blood. Digestion is external.

There are about 4,500 species, distributed principally in the tropics. Insemination with spermatophores is characteristic. Neuropterans develop in soil (families Dilaridae and Itonidae); on plants (Hemorobiidae and Chrysopidae); in colonies of ticks, coccids, and whiteflies (Coniopterygidae); in water near the shore (Osmylidae); or in the cavities of freshwater sponges (Sisyridae). The larvae of neuropterans with prehensile legs (Mantispidae) develop in the egg cocoons of spiders. Tropical species of the family Nemopteridae have greatly elongated hind wings; the larvae have a very long mesothorax. Large species of the family Ascalaphidae are found principally in the tropics (in the USSR, only in the south). They catch their prey in flight, and the larvae live on the soil surface. The larvae of Myrme-leontidae dig funnels in the sand, where they lie in wait for prey. Neuropterans are known from the Permian. Many species are beneficial, because they destroy orchard and forest pests.

REFERENCES

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Traité de zoologie, vol. 10, fasc. 1. Edited by P.-P. Grasse. Paris, 1951.

M. S. GILIAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
Characterization of the cuticular surface wax pores and the waxy particles of the dustywing, Semidalis flinti (Neuroptera:Coniopterygidae).
Pit-trap placement and foraging in antlion larvae (Myrmeleontidae: Neuroptera).
Laboratory rearing and liberation of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens, 1836) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) for the control of Heliothis virescens (Fabricius, 1781) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Helicoverpa zea (Boddie, 1850) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) was previously successfully achieved (Macedo et al.
2008), USA (Hoy & Nguyen 1998; Michaud 2002, 2004), Mexico (Miranda-Salcedo & Lapez-Arroyo 2010), Taiwan (Chien & Chu 1996; Chu & Chien 1991) Formicidae Dorymyrmex bureni USA (Michaud 2004) (Trager, 1988) Pseudomyrmex gracilis USA (Michaud 2004) (Fabricius, 1804) Neuroptera Chrysopidae Ceraeochrysa claveri Mexico (Lozano-Contreras (Navas, 1911) et al.
Among arthropods insects belonged to the orders Orthoptera Hemiptera Coleoptera Diptera Hymenoptera Neuroptera and Lepidoptera (89.06%) while among arachnids only Araneae (3.36%) was recorded.
Efficiency of Chrysoperla externa (Hagen, 1861) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) in the Myzus persicae (Sulzer, 1776) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) population reduction in sweet pepper (Capsicum annum L.).
Life history and feeding behavior of green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea Stephens (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae).
Owlfly larvae (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae: Ascaloptynx furciger) form unidirectional defensive groups which are not cycloalexic, allowing larvae to feed without changing position.
En total se capturaron 451 ejemplares (297 en el lote A y 154 en el lote B) pertenecientes a 18 familias y 6 ordenes de insectos: Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Neuroptera y Lepidoptera (Tabla 1, 2 y 3).
punctatus, but, with the exception of Thysanoptera (n=245, 5.97%), none of them represented an important portion of environmental food resources (Protura: 0.02%; Blattaria: 0.02%; Neuroptera: 0.05%) (Table 1).