Neuston


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neuston

[′nü‚stän]
(biology)
Minute organisms that float or swim on surface water or on a surface film of water.

Neuston

 

the organisms that attach themselves to the surface film of water and move on either the top of the film (supraneuston) or the underside (infraneuston). The neuston includes protozoans, unicellular algae, water striders, Gyrinidae (whirligig beetles), gnat larvae, some Cladocera (water fleas), Pulmonata, and other small, for the most part freshwater, organisms. The marine infraneuston also includes inhabitants of the top of the water (0–5 cm), which occupy that region at all times or only at night (small crustaceans, fish fry).

References in periodicals archive ?
The quantitative distribution and characteristics of neuston plastic in the North Pacific Ocean, 1984-1988.
Taxonomic composition and distribution of Euphausiacea and Decapoda (Crustacea) in the neuston of the Bay of Fundy, Canada, J.
Clearly, by the start of the 21st century the myth of excessive rarity in regard to Hermatobates (Herring, 1958) had been conclusively dispelled, and it is now understood that members of this genus are typical components of marine neuston assemblages throughout the tropical Pacific and Indian Oceans, and to some degree in the Caribbean as well, and that they can be effectively sampled by skilled collectors.
Florida anglers often notice schooling mullet apparently "gulping air," but dedicated mullet fans in England believe they're actually feeding on tiny phytoplankton from the neuston layer, which is the top few centimeters of water.
The 1977 NMFS survey deployed hook and line gear, wire and wood crustacean traps, a tumbler dredge, trolling rigs, neuston and icthyoplankton nets, dipnets, and snorkel diver operations.
5 m) were sampled with a combined neuston net composed of a 1x2 m mouth with 1000-[micro]m mesh net and a 1x0.
Authority Time period Method Waldron and Favorite (1977) April-May 1976 Bongo and neuston nets Waldron and Vinter(1)(1978) May 1977 Bongo and neuston nets Waldron (1981) 1955-79 Bongo and neuston nets Authority Findings Waldron and Favorite (1977) Eggs widely distributed with centers of abundance near the outer Alaska Peninsula, east of the Pribilof Islands, outer Bristol Bay and northwest of the Pribilof Islands Waldron and Vinter(1)(1978) Eggs comprised 28% of bongo samples and 72% of the neuston net samples at 64 locations.
Long bands of concentrated flotsam, plankton, and neuston often form at surface convergent fronts, sometimes as visible meandering features.
5 m depth) with a Sameoto neuston net with 505-[micro]m mesh (Sameoto and Jaroszynski, 1969; Jump et al.
1998) used both neuston and oblique plankton tows and showed that salmon diet most closely resembled that of the neuston assemblage.
cephalus) because they are more commonly collected in the neuston (which we did not sample).