Neustria

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Neustria

(no͞os`trēə), western portion of the kingdom of the FranksFranks,
group of Germanic tribes. By the 3d cent. A.D., they were settled along the lower and middle Rhine. The two major divisions were the Salian Franks in the north and the Ripuarian Franks in the south.
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 in the 6th, 7th, and 8th cent., during the rule of the MerovingiansMerovingians,
dynasty of Frankish kings, descended, according to tradition, from Merovech, chief of the Salian Franks, whose son was Childeric I and whose grandson was Clovis I, the founder of the Frankish monarchy.
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. It comprised the Seine and Loire country and the region to the north; its principal towns were Soissons and Paris. The realm originated with the several partitions of the lands of Clovis IClovis I
, c.466–511, Frankish king (481–511), son of Childeric I and founder of the Merovingian monarchy. Originally little more than a tribal chieftain, he became sole leader of the Salian Franks by force of perseverance and by murdering a number of relatives.
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 (d. 511) among his sons and grandsons during the 6th cent. The dynastic rivalry involved Neustria in almost constant warfare with the eastern portion of the Frankish kingdom, which became known as AustrasiaAustrasia
, northeastern portion of the Merovingian kingdom of the Franks in the 6th, 7th, and 8th cent., comprising, in general, parts of E France, W Germany, and the Netherlands, with its capital variously at Metz, Reims, and Soissons.
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. The conflict culminated in the long and bitter war between Queen FredegundeFredegunde
, c.545–597, Frankish queen. The mistress of King Chilperic I of Neustria, she became his wife after inducing him to murder his wife Galswintha (567). Fredegunde and Brunhilda, Galswintha's sister and wife of King Sigebert I of Austrasia, were among the leading
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 of Neustria (d. 597) and Queen BrunhildaBrunhilda
or Brunehaut
, d. 613, Frankish queen, wife of Sigebert I of the East Frankish kingdom of Austrasia; daughter of Athanagild, the Visigothic king of Spain.
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 of Austrasia (d. 613). Neustria and Austrasia were reunited briefly by Clotaire IClotaire I
, d. 561, Frankish king, son of Clovis I. On his father's death (511) he and his brothers received equal shares of the Frankish kingdom. His capital was at Soissons.
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, Clotaire IIClotaire II,
d. 629, Frankish king, son of Chilperic I and Fredegunde. He succeeded (584) his father as king of Neustria, but his mother ruled for him until her death (597).
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, and Dagobert IDagobert I
, c.612–c.639, Frankish king, son and successor of King Clotaire II. His father was forced to appoint Dagobert king of the East Frankish kingdom of Austrasia at the request of Pepin of Landen, mayor of the palace, and Arnulf, bishop of Metz, who effectively
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. After Dagobert the kings sank to insignificance, while the mayors of the palace rose in power. In 687, Pepin of HeristalPepin of Heristal
(Pepin II) , d. 714, mayor of the palace (680–714) of the Frankish territory of Austrasia; grandson of Pepin of Landen and father of Charles Martel.
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, mayor of the palace of the king of Austrasia, defeated his Neustrian rival and united Austrasia and Neustria. His descendants, the CarolingiansCarolingians
, dynasty of Frankish rulers, founded in the 7th cent. by Pepin of Landen, who, as mayor of the palace, ruled the East Frankish Kingdom of Austrasia for Dagobert I.
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, continued to rule the two realms, first as mayors and after 751 as kings.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neustria

 

the western portion of the Frankish state of the Merovingians; it had a mixed Frankish and Gallo-Roman population and embraced the region between the Schelde and the Loire rivers. During the sixth and seventh centuries, it was periodically an independent kingdom. Neustria’s political history was one of struggle between its own kings and rulers and the kings and rulers of Austrasia. In 687 the struggle ended with the victory of the Austrasian majordomos.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Neustria

the western part of the kingdom of the Merovingian Franks formed in 561 ad in what is now N France
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Chronological range: 56-55.5 Ma (MP7, Neustrian, lowermost Eocene).
Remarks: This genus has been identified in several Spanish and French localities, ranging from the Neustrian (MP8+9) to the Geiseltalian (MP12).
It has been identified in Neustrian (MP8+9) and Grauvian (MP10) sites.
Aldebert is condemned as a heretic for the first time at a Neustrian council, where there is no mention of Clemens.
Rouche mentions some sort of Aquitanian opposition,(102) and we hear from later sources that Aquitaine was indeed a stronghold of opposition to the Frankish court.(103) Yet, it is doubtful whether these feelings were as widespread in the seventh century as they were to become in the eighth or the ninth.(104) Finally, one should not underestimate the fact that Longoretus was founded by a native of Bourges, on a Burgundian possession, and in a region under Neustrian influence.
It consigns under the title Neustrian Associates, which derives from an old French name for the Manche and Orne areas of Normandy.
Last August at Deauville, Neustrian had 15 yearlings catalogued, of whom 11 were offered and ten were sold for a total of Ff4,097,000 (about pounds 400,000).
This year, Neustrian's August consignment has grown in size to 18, and among that collection is Maille Pistol's half-brother by Epervier Bleu (lot 171).
Last year, Neustrian Associates was one of the vendors who reached the million-franc mark for a yearling, but this time all 10 of its yearlings from the Haras du Buff will be offered on the Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday.
But, far from being grateful for the Neustrians for establishing this precedent, the Normans instead denominated their predecessors as what Lifshitz, in a structuralist gesture, terms "not-Christian" (11).
The historians have to endorse the Normans, at least for reasons of expediency; they also have to explain why they won over many opponents, most of which, like Lifshitz's Neustrians, were inconveniently Christian.