Neutra, Richard Joseph

Neutra, Richard Joseph

(noi`trə, no͞o`trə), 1892–1970, American architect, born and educated in Vienna. Although Neutra worked for a time with Eric Mendelsohn and later with Frank Lloyd Wright, after he opened his own practice in Los Angeles in 1926 he adhered to a more functionalist approach (see modern architecturemodern architecture,
new architectural style that emerged in many Western countries in the decade after World War I. It was based on the "rational" use of modern materials, the principles of functionalist planning, and the rejection of historical precedent and ornament.
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). A notable early example (1929) is the Lovell "Health House," Los Angeles. His Corona Avenue School, Los Angeles (1935) reflects his interest in opening a structure directly into natural surroundings. Neutra planned several federal housing projects, including Channel Heights, San Pedro (1943). Among his later works are Research House II, Los Angeles (1967) and the Northridge Medical Arts Building, Calif. (1968). Neutra's many books include Survival through Design (1954), World and Dwelling (tr. 1962), and Building with Nature (1971).

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1962); studies by E. McCoy (1979) and T. S. Hines (1982).

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