Neutral Zone

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neutral zone

[′nü·trəl ‚zōn]

Neutral Zone


in international law, a definite geographic region in which preparation for military action is prohibited and which cannot be used as a military theater. As a rule, border and/or disputed land and maritime areas are declared neutral zones. The state involved may form a neutral zone on a unilateral basis or by international agreement. (For example, the territory between Iraq and Saudi Arabia was declared a neutral zone according to the Treaty of Baghdad of 1938.)

A neutral zone can be formed temporarily by a coastal state for security reasons during a war between other states (such neutral zones have been established, for example, by legislation in Belgium, Brazil, the Netherlands, and Japan), or it can be permanent (for example, neutralization of the Strait of Magellan according to a treaty between Chile and Argentina in 1881 and neutralization of the Panama Canal according to a treaty between the USA and Panama in 1903). Temporary neutral zones also include zones established by the combatants for carrying on negotiations (for example, to exchange prisoners of war, wounded, and sick or to negotiate a truce) and for the protection of cultural and historical sites. When a neutral zone is created, it is often demilitarized.

References in periodicals archive ?
0 million bpd but Kuwait has little spare capacity to make up for lost neutral zone output.
The Panthers went into shutdown mode the rest of the way, clogging up the neutral zone and keeping Hudson's offense spread wide once they crossed into the Marlboro end.
Verus, an innovative, eco-conscious company that aids businesses looking to reduce their carbon footprints, sourced Trevelino/Keller to launch the first Carbon Neutral Zone in the United States.
They continue this passing until they reach the neutral zone.
With the Kings' Marty Murray in the penalty box for holding, San Jose's Matt Carle made an innocent-looking dump-in from the neutral zone.
In 2000, Arabian Oil lost its drilling rights in the Saudi Arabian-controlled portion of an oil field off the former neutral zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.
He got a lot of third or fourth assists, winning the puck in the neutral zone for us and starting the move that led to a goal.
Captain John Harriman, the commander of the Enterprise-B, must sneak aboard the Romulan flagship to "create" an interstellar incident at a time of high military buildup along the neutral zone.
Called The Neutral Zone, the film will focus on Bob Zeller, who founded the Giants and became the driving force behind ice hockey in Northern Ireland.
Japan's largest oil producer, lost its oil drilling rights in February in the Saudi portion of the Khafji oil field, which is located near the former neutral zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, largely because of unresolved differences over the construction in Saudi Arabia of an industrial railway by Japan.
This phase, defined as the neutral zone, is chaotic, anxiety provoking, and results in a breakdown in consensus with a concomitant Increase In discord.