Neutrality Act


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Neutrality Act,

law passed by the U.S. Congress and signed by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in Aug., 1935. It was designed to keep the United States out of a possible European war by banning shipment of war matériel to belligerents at the discretion of the President and by forbidding U.S. citizens from traveling on belligerent vessels except at their own risk. The demand for this legislation arose from the conviction of many Americans that U.S. entry into World War I had been a mistake. This conviction was strengthened by the well-publicized investigations by a Senate committee headed by Gerald P. NyeNye, Gerald Prentice,
1892–1971, U.S. Senator (1925–45), b. Hortonville, Wis. After settling (1915) in North Dakota he devoted himself to country journalism. A progressive Republican, he was appointed to fill an unexpired term in the U.S.
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 of American war loans to the Allies. The Neutrality Act was amended (Feb., 1936) to prohibit the granting of loans to belligerents, and later (Jan. and May, 1937) neutrality was extended to cover civil wars, a step inspired by the Spanish civil war. In Nov., 1939, the act was revised in favor of supplying warring nations on the "cash-and-carry" principle; but U.S. vessels were excluded from combat zones, and U.S. citizens were forbidden from sailing on belligerent vessels. These provisions were lifted by amendment in Nov., 1941, after the lend-leaselend-lease,
arrangement for the transfer of war supplies, including food, machinery, and services, to nations whose defense was considered vital to the defense of the United States in World War II. The Lend-Lease Act, passed (1941) by the U.S.
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 policy had been established. The act was thus practically out of operation even before American neutrality ended with Pearl Harbor.
References in periodicals archive ?
French, (157) Congress passed the 1794 Neutrality Act, which specified
3) They argue convincingly that there is no evidence that Roosevelt made any decision about bombing the death camp, and that, if Roosevelt had taken executive action to admit the nine hundred passengers on the luxury liner, it might have hindered his eventually successful efforts to amend the existing neutrality act which enabled him to aid Britain in the war he was sure would come.
Preparing for a showdown with Congress on the revision of the Neutrality Act in 1939, lifting the embargo against sending military aid to countries in Europe facing Nazi aggression, FDR did not fight for the Wagner-Rogers bill to admit refugee children outside of immigration quotas, which public opinion strongly opposed.
After Pope transferred to the General Services Administration in Washington, Greenspun offered $25,000 to Pope "or anyone else designated by Pope" to "quash" a second Neutrality Act indictment against Greenspun.
Instead, Congress passed the Neutrality Act of 1935 (the first of a series of Neutrality Acts passed from 1935 through 1939), instructing the president to declare at his discretion an embargo against all belligerents.
There is absolutely no request that that result in an indictment of the Neutrality Act.
President Franklin Roosevelt was accused of violating the Neutrality Act in order to incite a war with Germany.
Bush's 2008 pardon of Charles Winters, who was convicted of violating the Neutrality Act when he conspired in 1948 to export aircraft to a foreign country in aid of Israel.
He became increasingly supportive of American foreign policy and the Allied cause and was personally thanked by Roosevelt for supporting the American Neutrality Act through the Vatican's newspaper Osservatore Romano.
The Medium Exception derives from the Network Neutrality Act of
He observed that a neutrality proclamation was being prepared in accordance with the Neutrality Act and traditional U.
Under her leadership, the League supported repeal of the Neutrality Act of 1939.