To the five teams below and their combined 1,377 team leaders and members the award is presented for the fundamental discovery and exploration of neutrino oscillations
, revealing a new frontier beyond, and possibly far beyond, the standard model of particle physics.
At locations both in and outside of Japan, ICRR has conducted research on high-energy cosmic rays, high-energy gamma rays, and neutrinos; for example, the Super-Kamiokande(5) Project has discovered neutrino oscillations
and the Tibet AS-gamma Experiment used cosmic rays to observe the sun's cosmic-ray shadow(6).
1957 Italian physicist Bruno Pontecorvo formulates a theory of neutrino oscillations
This quark-antiquark annihilation and pair production model predicts the fourth generation of leptons and explains the measurements of neutrino oscillations
bring together 15 lectures by scientists from the US, Europe, and Japan who discuss the basic experimental data and future prospects for experiments on neutrino oscillations
, neutrino interactions and the measurement of properties, the standard model of particles and their interactions, other models of the solar energy cycle and big-band cosmology, the impact of neutrinos on astrophysical phenomena, and the origins of neutrino masses and possible role in the baryon asymmetry of the universe.
The latest Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) experiments gave clear evidence of neutrino oscillations
, signaling the necessity of New Physics.
How: By measuring neutrino oscillations
with Fermilab's NuMI beam
They want to talk about neutrino oscillations
, Higgs bosons, cosmic inflation, and quantum weirdness-the things that excite them.
One of the major developments of the past decade has been the establishing of the existence of neutrino oscillations
We don't know what it is, but neutrino oscillations
are someplace where it might show up," he said.
The theoretical analysis , which was based on the interpretations from super K data that the neutrino oscillations
between flavors could only occur if the neutrino had a rest mass, was cast in terms of a net transfer of linear momentum, but since it is now known that the neutrino always possesses left-handed helicity, and since it is reported that upon inelastic collision between a neutrino at v ~ c, and a proton or a neutron, the flavor of the neutrino has a very high probability to change--thus the spin magnetic moment property of the particle changes--the analysis is broadened herein to include total angular momentum.
They include thorough analyses of the data and the emergent theories as they cover quantized Dirac fields, the standard model, three-generation mixing, neutrino interactions, massive neutrinos, neutrino oscillations
in vacuum and the associated theory, neutrino oscillations
in matter, solar neutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos, terrestrial neutrino oscillation
experiments, phenomenology of three-neutrino mixing, direct measurements of neutrino mass, supernova neutrinos, cosmology, and relic neutrinos.