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(nē`və, Rus. nyĭvä`), river, 46 mi (74 km) long, NW European Russia, connecting Lake Ladoga with the Gulf of Finland, an inlet of the Baltic Sea. St. Petersburg is situated in its delta. The Neva is connected by canal systems with the Volga River and with the White Sea.



a river in Leningrad Oblast, RSFSR. It is 74 km long and drains a total area (including the basins of Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega) of 281,000 sq km, draining 5,000 sq km for the Neva basin alone.

The Neva flows out of the Petrokrepost’ (Shlissel’burg) Inlet of Lake Ladoga and flows into the Neva Inlet of the Gulf of Finland in the Baltic Sea. In its lower course, the river divides into branches (the principal ones are the Bol’shaia Neva and Malaia Neva and the Bol’shaia Nevka and Malaia Nevka), which form a broad delta, on whose islands and on the Neva depression the city of Leningrad is located. The mean flow rate at the river’s source (the city of Petrokrepost’) is 2,480 cu m per sec (maximum 4,590 cu m per sec, minimum 2,050 cu m per sec); the mean flow rate at the river’s mouth is 2,530 cu m per sec. Southwest and westerly winds cause high tides in the Gulf of Finland and the lower course of the Neva; flooding sometimes occurs in Leningrad. Catastrophic floods, rising approximately 4 m above the usual water level, occurred in 1824 (described by A. S. Pushkin in The Bronze Horseman) and 1924.

The upper course of the Neva is characterized by heavy formation of ice in the water, which causes congestion. The river freezes in December and thaws between the end of April and the beginning of May. The second flow of ice from Lake Ladoga occurs 10–15 days after the flow of ice from the Neva.

The Okhta River is the Neva’s right tributary; its left tributaries are the Izhora, Tosna, and Mga. The Neva is part of the Volga-Baltic Waterway.


Nezhikhovskii, R. A. Reka Neva [3rd ed.] Leningrad, 1973.



a sailing ship (sloop) of the first Russian round-the-world expedition (1803–06). The Neva was built in England and had a displacement of 370 tons. Her commanding officer was Iu. F. Lisianskii. During the voyage of the Neva and Nadezhda, research was conducted in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans.



an illustrated Soviet monthly literary and sociopolitical journal, an organ of the Writers’ Union of the RSFSR and of the union’s Leningrad section. It has been published in Leningrad since 1955.

Neva prints prose fiction, poems, social commentary, and critical essays. It has published M. Sholokhov’s Virgin Soil Upturned (Book 2) and V. Kochetov’s The Ershov Brothers, as well as works by V. Panova, Iu. German, and L. Panteleev. Poems by N. Tikhonov, O. Berggol’ts, and M. Dudin have also appeared in Neva. The editor-in-chief is A. Popov (since 1964). Circulation, 260,000 (1973).


Voronova, O. “Chtoby plyt’ ν revoliutsiiu dal’she . . . .”Don, 1963, no. 8.
Gura, Viktor. “Pozitsiia kritiki, pozitsiia zhurnala.” Pravda,Feb. 1, 1973.


a river in NW Russia, flowing west to the Gulf of Finland by the delta on which Saint Petersburg stands. Length: 74 km (46 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Once back down the winding, spiral staircase we crunch through the snow towards the Neva River and the Bronze Horseman, Peter the Great, who's wearing a fetching snowy hat.
On the cultural side, just a few of the planned activities include a tour of the Hermitage Museum and an evening cruise on the Neva River.
Itar-Tass said that on Monday afternoon Kim will take a boat cruise on Neva River, which runs through the city, while in the evening he will watch a ballet performance at Mariinsky Theater.
He was then dragged outside and thrown into the Neva River, where according to the autopsy, he finally drowned.
Dozens of the tsar's relatives, diplomats from 50 countries, and Prince Michael of Kent, who is related to Russian royalty, stood and held lit candles at the cathedral on the banks of the Neva River.
The two Russias briefly came together inside a thick-walled fortress on the bank of the Neva River, where the remains of Nicholas, most of his family and four of his servants were lowered into a single white crypt in Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral.
In Russia, roughly 2,500 plants reportedly are releasing untreated industrial waste into the Neva River.
It was a sunny day and, after giving each other clay "facials" and hair sculptures, the clay-covered participants were able to go for a swim in the Neva River to rinse off.
Petersburg will feature 322 guest rooms and with its two specialty restaurants, a 14,000 square foot spa, indoor swimming pool and a unique river boat service that transports guests back in time along the famed Neva River - it provides an ideal infrastructure for a stimulating guest experience.
Izhorskie Zavody constructed cargo dock in 2010, which was for the shipment of oversized items, on the Neva river in Ust-Slavyanka village.