Nevil Maskelyne


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Maskelyne, Nevil

 

Born Oct. 6, 1732, in London; died Feb. 9, 1811, in Greenwich. English astronomer.

Maskelyne graduated from Cambridge University in 1754. Beginning in 1765 he was director of the Greenwich Observatory. Maskelyne conducted observations of stars, the sun, and the planets; he also studied the moon for the purpose of determining longitudes. He selected 36 bright stars, now called Maskelyne stars, in order to relate observations of the stars to observations of the sun and planets. In 1766 he founded the English astronomical yearbook Nautical Almanac. In 1774, Maskelyne attempted to determine the density of the earth.

WORKS

Tables for Computing the Apparent Places of the Fixt Stars and Reducing Observations of the Planets. London, 1774.
References in periodicals archive ?
The culprit in this case was Nevil Maskelyne, a magician.
It appeared in the Royal Society's Philosophical Transactions as part of an investigation by England's Astronomer Royal, Nevil Maskelyne, titled "An Account of an Appearance of Light, like a Star, Seen in the dark Part of the Moon, on Friday the 7th of March, 1794.
Attacks on technology aren't new, and, in fact, the first instance of such an act can be traced back more than 110 years ago to Nevil Maskelyne, a British music hall magician.
Among the Magic Circle's founders were illusionists David Devant, its first president, and John Nevil Maskelyne.
In 1775 Nevil Maskelyne read the results to the Royal Society to confirm the effect of mountain mass.
Nevil Maskelyne died; appointed Astronomer Royal in 1765; founder of the Nautical Almanac; measured the density of the Earth.
The first person to note it was a British stage musician named Nevil Maskelyne.
Indeed, it was endorsed by no less of an authority than John Nevil Maskelyne, perhaps the most noted British magician of the time.
Rather than disturb the royal astronomer, Nevil Maskelyne, who would observe how long it took for Venus to cross in front of the Sun's disc at the observatory at Greenwich, the king ordered his to be constructed on his estate at Richmond.
I was also pleased to see a reference to David Cartwright's wonderful 1969 study of the tides at the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic, 208 years after Charles Mason (of Mason-Dixon fame) assisted Nevil Maskelyne in measuring sea level changes there; the project compensated for the cloudiness that prevented them from achieving their primary objective of observing the transit of Venus across the face of the Sun.
The remarkable automaton `Psycho' was created by the magician John Nevil Maskelyne (1839-1917) between 1873 and 1874.
IT was designed by magician John Nevil Maskelyne and made by the Maskelyne British Typewriter & Manufacturing Co Ltd of London in 1889.