Nevil Maskelyne

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Maskelyne, Nevil


Born Oct. 6, 1732, in London; died Feb. 9, 1811, in Greenwich. English astronomer.

Maskelyne graduated from Cambridge University in 1754. Beginning in 1765 he was director of the Greenwich Observatory. Maskelyne conducted observations of stars, the sun, and the planets; he also studied the moon for the purpose of determining longitudes. He selected 36 bright stars, now called Maskelyne stars, in order to relate observations of the stars to observations of the sun and planets. In 1766 he founded the English astronomical yearbook Nautical Almanac. In 1774, Maskelyne attempted to determine the density of the earth.


Tables for Computing the Apparent Places of the Fixt Stars and Reducing Observations of the Planets. London, 1774.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nevil Maskelyne died; appointed Astronomer Royal in 1765; founder of the Nautical Almanac; measured the density of the Earth.
The first person to note it was a British stage musician named Nevil Maskelyne.
I was also pleased to see a reference to David Cartwright's wonderful 1969 study of the tides at the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic, 208 years after Charles Mason (of Mason-Dixon fame) assisted Nevil Maskelyne in measuring sea level changes there; the project compensated for the cloudiness that prevented them from achieving their primary objective of observing the transit of Venus across the face of the Sun.
IT was designed by magician John Nevil Maskelyne and made by the Maskelyne British Typewriter & Manufacturing Co Ltd of London in 1889.