Neville Chamberlain


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Chamberlain, Neville

(Arthur Neville Chamberlain), 1869–1940, British statesman; son of Joseph ChamberlainChamberlain, Joseph,
1836–1914, British statesman. After a successful business career, he entered local politics and won distinction as a reforming mayor of Birmingham (1873–76).
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 and half-brother of Sir Austen ChamberlainChamberlain, Sir Austen
(Joseph Austen Chamberlain) , 1863–1937, British statesman; son of Joseph Chamberlain and half-brother of Neville Chamberlain. He entered Parliament as a Conservative in 1892.
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. The first half of his career was spent in business and, after 1911, in the city government of Birmingham, of which he became lord mayor in 1915. In 1917 he was director of national service, supervising conscription, and the following year, at the age of 50, he was elected to Parliament as a Conservative. During the 1920s he served both as chancellor of the exchequer (1923–24) and minister of health (1923, 1924–29). In the latter position, he enacted a series of important reforms that simplified the administration of Britain's social services and systematized local government. In 1931 he again became chancellor of the exchequer and held that office until he succeeded Stanley BaldwinBaldwin, Stanley,
1867–1947, British statesman; cousin of Rudyard Kipling. The son of a Worcestershire ironmaster, he was educated at Harrow and at Trinity College, Cambridge, and entered the family business. In 1908 he was elected to Parliament as a Conservative.
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 as prime minister in 1937.

During the 1930s, Chamberlain's professed commitment to avoiding war with Hitler resulted in his controversial policy of "appeasement," which culminated in the Munich PactMunich Pact,
1938. In the summer of 1938, Chancellor Hitler of Germany began openly to support the demands of Germans living in the Sudetenland (see Sudetes) of Czechoslovakia for an improved status. In September, Hitler demanded self-determination for the Sudetenland.
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 (1938). Although contemporaries and scholars during and after the war criticized Chamberlain for believing that Hitler could be appeased, recent research argues that Chamberlain was not so naive and that appeasement was a shrewd policy developed to buy time for an ill-prepared Britain to rearm. After Germany's invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1939, he pledged military support to Poland and led Britain to war in September. After the British debacle in Norway, he was forced to resign in May, 1940. He was lord president of the council under Winston ChurchillChurchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer,
1874–1965, British statesman, soldier, and author; son of Lord Randolph Churchill. Early Career

Educated at Harrow and Sandhurst, he became (1894) an officer in the 4th hussars.
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 until Oct., 1940, and died a few weeks later.

Bibliography

See biographies by W. R. Rock (1969) and D. Dilks (vol. 1, 1984); R. Cockett, Twilight of Truth (1989); J. Charmley, Chamberlain and the Lost Peace (1990).

References in periodicals archive ?
It depends, of course, on the picture, as well as on the words; but the photograph of Neville Chamberlain on the cover of Robert Self's magisterial new biography freely encapsulates the author's depiction of the real man.
The Bishop of Brechin, the Right Reverend Neville Chamberlain, gave Bunce the go-ahead to apologise today as a step toward "absolution and forgiveness".
In the 1930s, Stanley Baldwin and Neville Chamberlain merely pursued to its logical conclusion the appeasement policy adopted the decade before.
Morton Kondracke likened him to Neville Chamberlain and Maureen Dowd described him as a "therapist to the dictator set.
In an effort to prevent war, Neville Chamberlain, prime minister of Great Britain, conferred with Hitler at Berchtesgaden and later made a peace treaty at Munich, Germany, permitting the annexation of the Sudeten region to Germany in return for a pledge by Hitler that the independence of the remainder of Czechoslovakia would be respected.
Neville Chamberlain 1938 On his return from Germany, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain told a crowd at Heston Airport, Middlesex: "I believe it is peace for our time", and waved the agreement he had signed with Hitler.
SUNDAY OCTOBER 18 Downton Abbey ITV, 9pm Neville Chamberlain, soon to be Prime Minister, comes to dinner.
From the time that JosephChamberlain entered Parliament as an MP for Birmingham in 1876 until the death of Neville Chamberlain in 1940, there was always one, but more usually two, Chamberlains in the House of Commons.
EVENTS 1939: Britain is at war with Germany following the invasion of Poland two days ago, Premier Neville Chamberlain, above, tells the nation 1984: At least 1,300 least 1,300 A people die and hundreds more are injured as a storm sweeps across the Philippines.
In which city did Neville Chamberlain sign an agreement with Adolf Hitler in 1938 that was supposed to bring peace?
Unfortunately he is becoming our Neville Chamberlain, pursuing policy of appeasement," he said.
But over the years several experts have argued that Churchill merely cribbed his emotive words from his predecessor Sir Neville Chamberlain.