New Alphabet

New Alphabet


the Latin-based alphabet created (with the invention of additional letters) for the languages of the USSR. It was used from the second half of the 1920’s until the early 1940’s.

The move to create a new alphabet began among the Turkic-speaking peoples of the USSR, who sought to abandon the use of the Arabic alphabet, which was not suited to the Turkic linguistic system, and thereby to eliminate illiteracy. The first All-Union Turkological Conference (Baku, 1926), which was devoted to problems of latinizing the written language of the Turkic-speaking peoples, elected the public Central Committee for the New Turkic Alphabet (from 1930, the State All-Union Central Committee for the New Alphabet Under the All-Russian Central Executive Committee).

The presidents and vice-presidents of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee took part in the work of the State All-Union Central Committee for the New Alphabet and contributed to the creation of the new alphabet. Among them were S. A. Agamali-Ogly, V. A. Artemov, B. M. Grande, L. I. Zhirkov, V. I. Lytkin, N. la. Marr, E. D. Polivanov, A. A. Reformatskii, A. N. Samoilovich, A. M. Sukhotin, B. V. Chobanzade, G. Sharaf, R. O. Shor, and N. F. Iakovlev.

New alphabets were studied from the linguistic, graphic, psychological, pedagogical, and typographical standpoints and were then recommended for widespread application. The clergy and bourgeois-minded members of the intelligentsia, as well as deep-rooted, backward traditions, hindered the introduction of the new alphabets. Under these conditions, the new alphabet was gradually introduced through special governmental resolutions. As a result of the work of the All-Union Central Committee for the New Alphabet, 20 Soviet nationalities adopted the new alphabet, and 50 nationalities acquired a written language for the first time. The new alphabet played an enormous role in bringing about a cultural revolution. It was also accepted in Turkey, Mongolia, and the Tuva People’s Republic.

The development of Soviet society demonstrated that the Latin alphabet artificially isolated the languages of Soviet nationalities from the Russian language, a language of international communication. Between 1936 and 1941, the nationalities of the USSR adopted alphabets based on the Russian writing system.


Agamali-Ogly, S. A. V zashchitu novogo tiurkskogo alfavita. Baku, 1927.
Iakovlev, N. F. “Itogi unifikatsii alfavitov ν SSSR.” Sovetskoe stroitel’stvo, 1931, no. 8(61).
Pis’mennost’ i revoliutsiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1933.
Alfavit Oktiabria. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.
Musaev, K. M. Alfavity iazykov narodov SSSR. Moscow, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: A look at a new alphabet being commonly used by Arab youth
DOL Fiduciary Rule Inspires New Alphabet Soup of Fund Shares
This study explores one of the outcomes of GuatemalaAEs Maya Movement of the past 15 years: an interest in writing indigenous Mayan languages and the creation of a new alphabet for the 22 Mayan languages spoken in Guatemala.
Cybersecurity is the space race of our generation, and cyber skills are the new alphabet, said LifeJourney CEO Rick Geritz.
Of course, wipes manufacturers can create a wipe with an entirely new alphabet designation: "PP" for protect and promote.
In every town he [Ataturk] visited he stood by a blackboard in the role of head teacher, demonstrating the new letters to the gathered crowd and testing administrators, teachers, and civil servants on the new alphabet.
she was younger, hoped to ride away on this new alphabet, across
A brilliant youth, groomed for the task from childhood, is sent by the New Rebels on a 12-year odyssey to uncover archives that will enable him to construct a new alphabet and write the Foundation Document for a postlapsarian world.
You see, society changed rapidly, almost overnight, as a new way of thinking was introduced, old institutions were swept away and people learned to dress differently, to read and write a new alphabet and become citizens instead of subjects.
The new written language was based on line features that formed symbols representing different letters of a new alphabet.
AN IMPRESSIVE list of global celebrities, including Pixie Lott, Britney Spears, Wayne Rooney, Jessie J and Sarah Jessica Parker are supporting Matalan's Christmas charity campaign by modelling their new Alphabet Scarves in aid of Alder Hey Children's Hospital.
Pixie, Britney Spears, Wayne Rooney, Jessie J and Sarah Jessica Parker are supporting Matalan's UK wide Christmas charity campaign by modelling the chain's new Alphabet Scarves in aid of world famous hospital.

Full browser ?