New Delhi


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New Delhi

(dĕl`ē), city (1991 pop. 294,149), capital of India and of the National Capital Territory of DelhiDelhi
, union territory and city, N central India. The union territory, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (2001 provisional pop. 13,782,976), 573 sq mi (1,484 sq km), is on the Delhi plain, which is crossed by the Yamuna River and stretches between the Aravalli
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, N central India, on the right bank of the Yamuna River. Predominantly an administrative center, it was constructed between 1912 and 1929 to replace Calcutta (now KolkataKolkata
, formerly Calcutta
, city (1991 pop. 10,916,272), capital of West Bengal state, E India, on the Hugli River. It is the second largest city in India and one of the largest in the world.
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) as capital of British India; New Delhi was officially inaugurated in 1931. The city is also a transportation hub and trade center with manufactures in electronics, automobile parts, engineering products, and electrical appliances.

Designed by architects Sir Edwin LutyensLutyens, Sir Edwin Landseer
, 1869–1944, English architect. He began his career designing small houses in Surrey and later executed a series of large country establishments, many of them complete with furniture and gardens.
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 and Herbert Baker, New Delhi has broad, symmetrically aligned streets that provide vistas of historic monuments. Between the main government buildings a broad boulevard leads east to west from India Gate, a massive war memorial arch (built 1921), through a great court to the resplendent sandstone and marble Government House (formerly the viceroy's palace; now the residence of India's president). In the southern section of the city is the prayer ground where Mahatma GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 was assassinated (1948). In the west are Balmiki and Lakshminarayan temples, which Gandhi frequented; the Swaminarayan Akshardham temple (2005) is is East Delhi across the Yamuna. The city has many sports stadiums and medical institutes. In recent years metropolitan New Delhi, including Old DelhiDelhi
, union territory and city, N central India. The union territory, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (2001 provisional pop. 13,782,976), 573 sq mi (1,484 sq km), is on the Delhi plain, which is crossed by the Yamuna River and stretches between the Aravalli
..... Click the link for more information.
, has experienced overcrowding and severe air pollution. The city opened its subway system, the second in India, in 2002.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

New Delhi

 

the southern, administrative part of Delhi, the capital of India. New Delhi is the site of the principal governmental institutions of India, which has led to the incorrect use of the name New Delhi to designate Delhi.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Price on request Tag Heuer Meridiist cellphone available at Johnson Watch Company, New Delhi (tel: 011 4151 3121); Bottega Veneta clutch available at Emporio Mall, New Delhi (tel: 4609 8272); de Grisogono ring available at Emporio Mall, New Delhi (tel: 98184 02537); Bvlgari sunglasses available at The Oberoi Delhi (tel: 011 4150 5010); Lanvin necklace available at Kitsch, New Delhi (tel: 011 4609 8212); Mahatma Gandhi pens available at the Montblanc store at ITC Maurya, New Delhi (tel: 011 2302 3035) Cuff parade Shimmer this summer with this stunning diamond-studded cuff from Versace.
Kingfisher Airlines was granted traffic rights from New Delhi to London Heathrow (its first European destination), Hong Kong, Bangkok and Dubai and from Mumbai to Colombo, Bangkok and Dubai.
Since the Kashmiri man hanging date was announced last week in New Delhi, there have been nearly daily protests in Indian Kashmir.